Bealtaine Festival – May 2023

The Bealtaine Festival in May is a month of celebration in Ireland that focuses on happiness, fun, and the expression of various art forms. Therefore, exhibitions, special performances, and workshops are held nationwide to celebrate this month. The purpose of the festival is to inspire individuals to be creative and expose the youth to different forms of art, including paintings, theater, music, dance, and sculptures. And guess what? The festival is so much fun that people from all over the world travel to Ireland in May to catch a glimpse of the magnificent art forms of the region. This year, skip the beaches and head out to Ireland to witness the grand festival.

History of Bealtaine Festival

The Bealtaine Festival is a historical event with its roots sewn in the region’s culture and traditions. The festival was initially celebrated to welcome the harvest season — summertime that opens a doorway for farming and cultivation. Initially, the festival was celebrated by Irish Celts and the residents of Scotland. While the forms of celebration have evolved over time, there was a time when Bealtaine was observed following ancient traditions such as rituals with fire, bonfires, and maypoles. It was believed that during this month, fairies and supernatural entities were present in the mortal realm; hence, the rituals were a way of ensuring that these beings crossed over to their world easily.

According to Irish mythology, the place where the festival is held is sacred. This is because when Ireland was invaded during Bealtaine, Mide, the leader of the Memedian group, climbed atop Uisneach and built a fire there. This fire supposedly lasted seven years and was Mide’s claim to the land.

Another myth narrates that Fionn MacCumhaill, a legendary hero, is also associated with the Bealtaine Festival. According to the legend, MacCumhaill defeated Aillen, also known as the monster of darkness, a fire-breathing being who lulled its victims to sleep with the harp and then breathed fire on them. Because the meaning of the name ‘Fionn’ in Irish is ‘bright,’ this battle is linked to welcoming the light after the darkness.

Bealtaine Festival timeline

19th Century
Peasants Herding Cattle between Bonfires

Farmers herd their cattle to pass between bonfires during the festival, believing that the heat and smoke will purify and bless the herd with fertility.

1988
The First Festival

On the night of April 30, the first Bealtaine Fire Festival is held in Calton Hill in Edinburgh, Scotland, celebrating the beginning of summer.

2009
The Festival is Revived

The Bealtaine Festival is revived on the Hill of Uisneach, Ireland, celebrated with a torchlit procession of people and bonfires.

2017
First Leader to Light Up the Fire

Michael D. Higgins, the President of Ireland, is the first Irish leader to light the ceremonial fire of the festival.

Bealtaine Festival FAQs

What is the significance of Bealtaine?

Bealtaine has great significance to the Irish Celts. It celebrates the peak of spring and the beginning of summer and is also associated with fertility, love, and sunshine.

What are the four pagan festivals?

The four festivals are Imbolc, Bealtaine, Lughnasadh, and Samhain.

Where is Bealtaine celebrated in Ireland?

The festival is celebrated at the Hill of Uisneach, a ceremonial site at Rathconrath in County Westmeath, Ireland.

Bealtaine Festival Activities

  1. Wear green

    Since wearing green is a festival tradition, now is the time for you to do so. Green isn't your color? You can always wear a green tie or a green headband to keep up with the theme.

  2. Have a bonfire

    Since the festival has been celebrated with fire for centuries, you should incorporate fire into your festivities as well. Have a small bonfire with your family, accompanied by a B.B.Q. under the stars.

  3. Give out flower garlands

    As the festival welcomes the summer and the harvest season, one of the traditions includes wearing flowers to celebrate the day. Wear a garland or a flower crown, and give them out to others too.

5 Interesting Facts About Bealtaine

  1. Wiccan beliefs

    In Wiccan traditions, Bealtaine marks the battle between the May Queen and the Queen of the Winter.

  2. Cross-quarter day

    For the ancient Celts, Bealtaine was the halfway point between the spring equinox and summer solstice, also known as a cross-quarter day, marking the start of the summer.

  3. Morris dancing

    Morris dancing is a Bealtaine tradition where participants listen to and dance to the tune of drums.

  4. Meaning of Bealtaine

    It is a Celtic word that means the ‘fires of Bel’ — Bel is a Celtic deity, the god of sun and fire.

  5. The courting ritual

    Bealtaine included courting rituals that required men and women to collect flowers and light fires, which often led to marriages.

Why We Love Bealtaine Festival

  1. It's a time to celebrate

    We enjoy the festival because it is a time to celebrate and promote regional art through performances, workshops, and exhibitions, among other things. This month is the time to allow your imagination to run wild.

  2. It celebrates traditions

    The festival is special to both locals and visitors since it’s a time when the traditions of Bealtaine come to life. This exposes everyone to the unique culture of the area.

  3. It is a manifestation of Irish mythology

    The Bealtaine Festival is associated with several intriguing myths. Going over such mystical stories can be both exciting and educational for young people.

Bealtaine Festival dates

YearDateDay
2022May 1Sunday
2023May 1Monday
2024May 1Wednesday
2025May 1Thursday
2026May 1Friday
Deaf Awareness Week
Dog Anxiety Awareness Week
Hurricane Preparedness Week
National Physical Education and Sport Week
Screen Free Week
Beltane
Couple Appreciation Day
Early May Bank Holiday
Executive Coaching Day
Frequent Flyer Day
Global Love Day
Great Lakes Awareness Day
International Doodle Dog Day
Marshall Islands Constitution Day
May Day
Melanoma Monday
National Chocolate Parfait Day
National Infertility Survival Day
National Loyalty Day
National Mother Goose Day
National Open Farm Day
National Purebred Dog Day
National Rotate Your Beer Day
New Home Owners Day
Save The Rhino Day
School Principals' Day
Silver Star Service Banner Day
Worthy Wage Day
ALS Awareness Month
American Wetlands Month
Arthritis Awareness Month
Asian American and Pacific Islander Heritage Month
Bealtaine Festival
Better Speech and Hearing Month
Bladder Cancer Awareness Month
Borderline Personality Disorder Awareness Month
Brain Cancer Awareness Month
Building Safety Month
Celiac Disease Awareness Month
Clean Air Month
Correct Posture Month
Creative Beginnings Month
Date Your Mate Month
EDS Awareness Month
Fibromyalgia Education and Awareness Month
Food Allergy Action Month
Fungal Infection Awareness Month
Gardening for Wildlife Month
Get Caught Reading Month
Gifts From The Garden Month
Global Employee Health and Fitness Month
Haitian Heritage Month
Heal the Children Month
Healthy Vision Month
Hepatitis Awareness Month
Homeschool Awareness Month
Huntington's Disease Awareness Month
Indian Heritage Month
International Business Image Improvement Month
International Civility Awareness Month
International Internal Audit Awareness Month
International Victorious Woman Month
Jewish American Heritage Month
Labor History Month
Latino Books Month
Lettuce Month
Local and Community History Month
Lupus Awareness Month
Make May Purple /Action On Stroke Month
Maternal Mental Health Month
MCS Awareness Month
Melanoma / Skin Cancer Detection & Prevention Month
Mental Health Awareness Month
Military Appreciation Month
National Allergy and Asthma Awareness Month
National Asparagus Month
National Asthma and Allergy Awareness Month
National Barbecue Month
National Bicycle Safety Month
National Blood Pressure Month
National Cystic Fibrosis Awareness Month
National Egg Month
National Foster Care Month
National Hamburger Month
National Heritage Month
National Inventors Month
National Lyme Disease Awareness Month
National Meditation Month
National Mediterranean Diet Month
National Moving Month
National Osteoporosis Awareness and Prevention Month
National Pet Month
National Photo Month
National Physiotherapy Month
National Preservation Month
National Recommitment Month
National Salad Month
National Salsa Month
National Share a Story Month
National Strawberry Month
National Stroke Awareness Month
National Teen Self-Esteem Month
National Vinegar Month
National Walking Month
National Youth Traffic Safety Month
Neurofibromatosis Month
Personal History Awareness Month
Pet Sitter Safety Month
Responsible Animal Guardian Month
Revise Your Work Schedule Month
South Asian Heritage Month
Speech and Hearing Awareness Month
Syringomyelia Awareness Month
Tuberous Sclerosis Awareness Month
Ultraviolet Awareness Month
Women's Health Care Month
Zombie Awareness Month
Charli D'Amelio’s birthday

Holidays Straight to Your Inbox

Every day is a holiday!
Receive fresh holidays directly to your inbox.