The anniversary of Uzbekistan’s Independence Day is on September 1, a celebration of their independence from the Soviet Union. Uzbekistan, also known as the Republic of Uzbekistan, is a double landlocked country in Central Asia whose largest city, Tashkent, is its capital. The country shares its borders with Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, and Turkmenistan. It is a secular state with a presidential constitutional government and a population of about 35.3 million. So far, the Uzbekistan environment has suffered greatly from Soviet policies to rapidly increase cotton production without proper environmental studies.
History of Uzbekistan Independence Day
Uzbekistan is a country with a history that spans a few thousand years, divided into three parts: before the U.S.S.R., during the U.S.S.R., and after the U.S.S.R. History books can trace the country’s influence back to the first century B.C. when it was part of the silk route that connected China with the Middle East. The seventh and eighth centuries witnessed the Arab conquest of the area. Persian and Turkish influence spread in the following centuries, but by the 19th century, the independent Uzbek states of Bukhara, Kokand, and Samarkand rose. By then, however, the major religion of the area was Islam.
The Russian conquest began in the 1860s and lasted until 1990. Russia had conquered Tashkent and absorbed vast swaths of Central Asia by the 1870s. The Bolsheviks started to gradually conquer Turkestan, Bukhara, and Khiva by the start of 1917, lasting until 1920. 1918 to 1922 saw the secularization campaign led by the communist rulers. A reorganization of Soviet states resulted in the creation of Uzbekistan and its neighboring countries by 1924. Conflicts with minority ethnic groups became common during this period.
The year 1989 saw the rise of Islam Karimov as the leader of the Uzbek Communist Party. By 1991, he was able to declare Uzbekistan independence and have his country join the commonwealth of independent states. After independence, the country faced threats from Islamic terrorists and the civil unrest of 2004. The political and ecological crisis still haunts the country, yet despite all odds, they’ve survived, showing the spirit of Central Asia.
Uzbekistan Independence Day timeline
Uzbekistan becomes part of the Mongol Empire after the conquest of Genghis Khan.
New irrigation projects boost cotton production, but they also cause severe damage to the environment.
A powerful earthquake destroys much of Tashkent.
The Communist Party of Uzbekistan declares economic and political sovereignty.
Uzbekistan Independence Day FAQs
What is so special about Uzbekistan?
Uzbekistan was strategically situated at the core of the silk road. The famous cities of Samarkand, Bukhara, and Khiva are all located in Uzbekistan. Samarkand, in particular, is a meeting point for various cultures from all over the world.
Are Uzbeks Mongols?
Uzbeks are of Mongolian, Turkish, and mixed Asian origins. Uzbeks are descended from the Turkic tribes of the Mongol Golden Horde.
What is the old name of Uzbekistan?
Under the USSR, it was called the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic. It is also called ‘Uzbek Ŭzbekiston’ or ‘Ŭzbekistan Respublikasi’ by locals.
How to Observe Uzbekistan Independence Day
Hoist the national flag
Hoist the national flag of Uzbekistan. If it isn’t legal in your country, try to wear the colors to showcase your appreciation.
Send independence wishes
Send Independence Day wishes to the people of Uzbekistan. Through social media, physical cards, or word of mouth, spread the cheer today.
Educate people with factual information
Share the history of Uzbekistan with your loved ones. Have a group discussion with your history-admiring friend.
5 Interesting Facts About Uzbekistan
Its currency has undergone transition
Uzbekistan's currency only became fully convertible at market rates in 2017.
It is an electric powerhouse
Uzbekistan produces the most electricity in all of Central Asia.
It has membership in international organizations
Uzbekistan is a member of the Commonwealth of the Independent States, the U.N., and the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation.
It has a national animal
The snow leopard is the national animal of Uzbekistan.
It has citizens living abroad
There are more than 62,000 Uzbeks in the U.S.
Why Uzbekistan Independence Day is Important
An old dream of independence
Freedom was always a dream for the Uzbek people. They were conquered throughout history by various foreign powers, so the country’s independence was a great achievement.
A rich history
The Uzbek people have a rich history. From the time of the Silk Route to the modern era, they have witnessed various political and ecological upheavals.
A cautionary tale
Pre-independence Uzbekistan is an example of how colonization and annexation can be brutal to minority areas. The Soviet idea of improving cotton production without concern for the well-being of the Uzbek people or their environment is a lesson for all of humanity.
Uzbekistan Independence Day dates