Chinese National Day – October 1, 2021

Chinese National Day is on October 1, which is an annual public holiday celebrated in the People’s Republic of China. The day marks the end of dynastic rule and the march towards democracy. It is an important milestone in the rich history of the People’s Republic of China.

 

History of Chinese National Day

The beginning of the Chinese Revolution in 1911 brought an end to the monarchical system and catalyzed a democratic wave in China. It was a result of efforts from the nationalist forces to bring about democratic norms.

Chinese National Day honors the start of the Wuchang Uprising that eventually led to the end of the Qing Dynasty and later the establishment of the People’s Republic of China. On October 1, 1949, the leader of the Red Army, Mao Zedong, declared the founding of the People’s Republic of China in Tiananmen Square before a crowd of 300,000 people, while waving the new Chinese flag.

The declaration followed a civil war in which communist forces emerged victorious over the nationalist government. On December 2, 1949, at a meeting of the Central People’s Government Council, the declaration to formally adopt October 1 as Chinese National Day was ratified by the First National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference.

This marked the end of a long and bitter civil war between the Chinese Communist Party led by Mao and the Chinese government. Massive military parades and grand rallies were held from 1950 to 1959 on Chinese National Day every year. In 1960, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC) and the State Council decided to simplify the celebrations. Mass rallies continued to take place in Tiananmen Square until 1970, although military parades were canceled.

National days are of utmost importance, not only culturally, but also in representing independent states and the current government system.

Chinese National Day timeline

October 10, 1911
Wuchang Uprising Begins

The uprising and the start of the Xinhai Revolution begins as revolutionaries challenge foreign countries’ encroachment as well as government corruption, and as a result of resentment over Manchu rule over Han Chinese.

February 12, 1912
End of Qing Dynasty Finalized

The last emperor Puyi abdicates his throne on this day to mark the official end of the Qing dynasty.

1927
Chinese Civil War

At the beginning of the year, the Communist Party of China (CPC) fights a civil war with Kuomintang (KMT).

October 1, 1949
The People's Republic of China

The People's Republic of China is founded, with a ceremony taking place at Tiananmen Square celebrating the forming of the Central People's Government.

Chinese National Day FAQs

How long is National Day in China?

China’s National Day is celebrated over a one-week period, beginning from October 1 and running until October 7.

How is Chinese National Day celebrated?

Chinese National Day is celebrated throughout mainland China, Hong Kong, and Macau. The government hosts a variety of festivities, including grand fireworks and cultural events, and public spaces are decorated.

 

 

How old is China today?

As one of the world’s four ancient civilizations, China is more than 4,000 years old.

How To Celebrate Chinese National Day

  1. Spread the culture

    Use this opportunity to learn about the Chinese culture and use that knowledge to educate your peers.

  2. Take a trip

    Plan a trip to visit China. Even if it's not feasible to actually do it right now, just planning it will make it a more realistic possibility for some time in the (hopefully near) future and something to look forward to. Find the ideal places to stay, sights to see, and delicacies to savor and put them on your provisional itinerary.

  3. Cook a traditional Chinese meal

    Prepare traditional Chinese delicacies and dishes. Invite your friends and family over and enjoy these novel foods with them.

5 Interesting Facts About China

  1. Fourth largest country in the world

    Geographically, China is the fourth largest country in the world, after Russia, the United States, and Canada.

  2. The color red

    Red symbolizes joy and good fortune in China, which is why it is commonly seen during most Chinese festivals.

  3. There is only one time zone

    Despite spanning five time zones, China chooses to use one standard time zone.

  4. Fortune cookies are not Chinese

    Even though fortune cookies are widely believed to be Chinese, they weren’t invented there.

  5. China invented toilet paper

    One of the greatest inventions of all time was created in ancient Chinese in A.D. 851.

Why Chinese National Day is Important

  1. It underlines the existences of two entities

    Chinese National Day honors the existence of two entities in China, traditional China and modern China.

  2. It marks the ushering in of democracy

    Chinese National Day commemorates the Wuchang Uprising that led to the fall of the monarchy.

  3. The establishment of the People's Republic of China

    This day marks the toppling of the monarchy and the establishment of the People's Republic of China.

Chinese National Day dates

YearDateDay
2021October 1Friday
2022October 1Saturday
2023October 1Sunday
2024October 1Tuesday
2025October 1Wednesday
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