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Cyprus Independence Day – October 1, 2023

Cyprus Independence Day, observed on October 1 every year, is a special day to observe the independence of Cyprus from the British and honor the efforts of every individual who worked tirelessly to make Cyprus an independent nation. Do you know exactly when Cyprus became independent from the British? If you guessed October 1, here’s a twist — Cyprus became independent from the British on August 16, 1960. However, Cyprus celebrates its Independence Day on October 1 every year. Join us to learn about the history, significance, important events in the nation’s history, and other interesting facts about Cyprus.

History of Cyprus Independence Day

Cyprus, or the Republic of Cyprus, is an island country located in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea. It is the third-largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, and this stunning island is one of the most beautiful and amazing islands loved by many. Cyprus became independent from the British in 1960 after the nation won full sovereignty from Britain. Although the effective date of the London-Zurich Agreements was on August 16, Cyprus celebrates its Independence Day on October 1 to avoid the summer heat and to accommodate the tourist season.

The history of Cyprus Independence Day started during the Russo-Turkish War of 1877. The series of wars reflected the decline of the Ottoman Empire and resulted in Russia expanding its frontier and influence into Ottoman territory. At the end of the Russo-Turkish war in 1878, Cyprus was leased to the British Empire and was annexed by Britain at the end of World War I. But there was a concept called ‘enosis’ since the time of Ottoman rule which signified a union with Greece, an idea held by many Greek Cypriots.

On April 1, 1955, this idea became a military aim, leading to the start of the guerrilla campaign of the Ethniki Organosis Kyprion Agoniston (E.O.K.A.). Their sole aim was unification with Greece through a war with the British. This campaign lasted for four years until a cease-fire was reached in August 1960, and Cyprus attained independence after the London-Zurich Agreement between the United Kingdom, Turkey, and Greece. The Republic of Cyprus came into existence on August 16, 1960. In 1979, 19 years after the independence from British rule, Cyprus declared its independence day as a national holiday.

Cyprus Independence Day timeline

1878
The End of the Russo-Turkish War

The Russo-Turkish war ends, and Cyprus is leased to the British Empire.

1955
The Start of a Guerilla Campaign

Greek Cypriots start the guerrilla campaign of E.O.K.A.

1960
The Independence of Cyprus

The Republic of Cyprus comes into being.

1979
Independence Day Becomes a National Holiday

Cyprus celebrates its Independence Day as a national holiday.

Cyprus Independence Day FAQs

Does Cyprus celebrate Greek Independence Day?

Yes, Cyprus also celebrates Greek Independence Day on March 25 every year. The day marks the commencement of the Greek people’s successful struggle against the Ottoman Empire.

Is Cyprus a good place to live?

Cyprus can be a great place to live. It is a beautiful country with a low crime rate, making it safe.

What is Cyprus famous for?

Cyprus, an island in the eastern Mediterranean Sea, is famous for its mineral wealth, superb wines, beautiful scenery, tourism, and other natural products. It is also known for being a beautiful and peaceful country.

How to Observe Cyprus Independence Day

  1. Watch the parade

    The best thing you can do to observe Cyprus Independence Day is to watch and participate in the festivals. There is also a military parade in the capital of Cyprus, Nicosia.

  2. Visit Cyprus

    Cyprus is a great country rich in culture and wealth, so if you’re looking for a sign to go for a trip, plan your visit to Cyprus. We bet you won’t regret it!

  3. Share your story

    If you are that lucky someone who has already visited the beautiful country of Cyprus and has an interesting story that happened on your trip there, share it on social media with the world! Encourage others to visit on Independence Day.

5 Interesting Facts About Cyprus

  1. The birth city of love

    According to legend, the Greek goddess of love, Aphrodite, was born in Cyprus.

  2. One of the wealthiest nations, once

    During the Copper and Bronze ages, Cyprus was among the wealthiest nations.

  3. They don’t fish

    Despite being an island nation, Cypriots do not like fishing, and they do not fish!

  4. Cyprus and cigar pipe

    The shape of Cyprus is like the one of a Cyprus pipe!

  5. It has the world’s oldest wine

    The world’s oldest wine label, “Commandaria,” belongs to Cyprus.

Why Cyprus Independence Day is Important

  1. It means independence

    Cyprus Independence Day is a national holiday of Cyprus that celebrates independence. The independence of Cyprus is a result of the effort, struggle, and sacrifice of thousands of people.

  2. It is a day to celebrate

    Although shops may be closed on Cyprus Independence Day, it is marked by festivals and a military parade. The president also gives a traditional speech after the parade.

  3. It is a day to remember

    Cyprus Independence Day is not just a day to celebrate independence, it is a day to remember and honor the people who were behind it. It would be unjust to forget the day.

Cyprus Independence Day dates

YearDateDay
2023October 1Sunday
2024October 1Tuesday
2025October 1Wednesday
2026October 1Thursday
2027October 1Friday
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