We are celebrating Sudan Independence Day on January 1. It is celebrated annually to commemorate the independence of the nation from Great Britain. Sudan is the third-largest nation in the African continent. Sudan is an Arab as well as an African nation. The nation lies between the Red Sea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, South Sudan, Chad, Libya, and Egypt. The nation is rich in natural resources, arable land, a young workforce, and agriculture. Until 1956, the nation was under the rule of the British and Egypt. Ismail al-Azhari was responsible for forming a government as prime minister on January 9, 1954. Sudan formally attained its independence from Britain and Egypt on January 1, 1956.
History of Sudan Independence Day
Sudan is a northeastern African country. It is also known as Northern Sudan. The official name of the nation is “the Republic of Sudan.” Sudan was in the Arab League. It was the largest country by area in Africa and the Arab League until the separation of South Sudan in 2011.
The history of the region dates back to the prehistoric era. It was occupied by Neolithic culture people in 8000 B.C.This period was followed by an era of migration from the Sahara. They engaged in agriculture, fishing, hunting, and cattle herding. There is evidence showing that they built cemeteries.
Various kingdoms rose and fell throughout the centuries. The Islamic kingdoms were established around 1500 A.D. The kingdoms of Sennar and Darfur are two of the most prominent kingdoms of the era in the region. By 1821, Egypt had invaded the region under the Ottoman ruler Muhammad Ali.
By 1890, the British were trying to establish control over Sudan. They competed with other European powers for this. By 1899, the British and Egyptian coalition controlled Sudan. This continued until 1956. Polling to decide the fate of Sudan ended in the independence of the nation on January 1. But the political turmoil did not stop there. The country witnessed several coups, civil wars, and a separation. However, all of this does not dim the radiance of hard-won liberty. The nation, with its rich oil reserves, has the hope of rising back with proper resource management and planning.
Sudan Independence Day timeline
People from Neolithic culture settle in the regions which are now Sudan.
The Sudanese people revolt against the Ottoman-Egyptian administration.
British-Egyptian rule starts in Sudan.
Sudan finally gains independence from British-Egyptian rule.
Sudan Independence Day FAQs
What is the total population of Sudan 2022?
Based on Worldometer statistics, the current population of Sudan is 45,623,557.
What is Sudan's main language?
There are over 114 languages in Sudan. Arabic is the most dominant language and it is also the official language of the nation.
What is Sudan's main export?
Gold is the main export of Sudan.
How to Observe Sudan Independence Day
Sudan is a natural beauty in the heart of Africa. The nation has a lot to offer visitors. Explore the nation's culture, history, art, and traditions.
Wear Sudan’s flag
Sudan’s flag is a red-white-black tricolor with a green triangle at its hoist. Try to wear a dress or shirt that matches these colors on this day.
Learn songs from Sudan
Sudan has rich and varied music with roots in traditional, rural, and northeastern Africa. It is influenced by the art and culture of Arabic, Western, and other African cultures. Try to learn a few songs from Sudan.
5 Facts About Sudan That You Should Know
Highest number of pyramids
There are over 200 recorded pyramids in Sudan, which is the largest collection of pyramids in the world.
“The Land of the Blacks”
The full Arabic name of Sudan translates as “The Land of the Blacks.”
There are 114 native languages and 500 accents in Sudan.
A large nation
Sudan is number 16 on the list of the largest countries in the world and the third-largest country in Africa.
Refugees into Sudan
There are more than 63,000 refugees in Sudan from Ethiopia.
Why Sudan Independence Day is Important
The land of pyramids
We typically think of Egypt when we hear about pyramids. But Sudan has more pyramids than Egypt. We love the history and culture associated with the nation and we want to let the world know about the importance of the nation.
A sleeping giant
Sudan’s population is more than 45 million. There are large oil deposits in the nation that are not fully utilized. We believe Sudan is a nation that is yet to realize its potential and we hope it will soon rise as a powerhouse in Africa.
A very diverse nation
Sudan is a diverse nation. The country is home to over 114 different languages. We love diversity, and Sudan is the best example of that.
Sudan Independence Day dates