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Namibia Independence Day – March 21, 2023

Namibia Independence Day is marked on March 21 every year to commemorate the day the nation became a sovereign state. Namibia is a country located in the southern part of Africa that has seen many shifts in political power over the years. Namibia gained its full independence in 1990 and got its recognition as an independent nation. This independence day is marked as a national holiday in Namibia, and the day is celebrated with parades and political ceremonies attended by the top leaders. Proud citizens celebrate the day wishing prosperity and peace for the country.

History of Namibia Independence Day

The country’s name has its origins in the word ‘nama’ which means ‘vast place.’ Nama was used to refer to the Namib desert, which is said to be the oldest desert in the world. In prehistoric times, Namibia was occupied by ethnic African tribes such as Nama, San, and Damara. The first European expedition to Namibia was in 1485 when Portuguese explorer Diogo Cao reached the southern African country.

In 1884, Namibia became a German colony under Otto Von Bismarck. At that time the country was known as Deutsch-Südwestafrika which translated to South-West Africa. In 1904, the German occupiers systematically executed over 10,000 natives of Namibia. After Germany’s defeat in World War 1, the country was taken over by South Africa. After World War 2, following the U.N.’s sanctions, South Africa was asked to give up control over Namibia, which it refused.

In the 1970s, the revolts for independence began. The people of Namibia were motivated as this is also the time when neighboring countries like Angola and Zambia had gained their independence from South Africa. The guerilla group, the People’s Liberation Army of Namibia led the struggle for the independence of Namibia from South Africa. In 1988, South Africa agreed to give Namibia its much-awaited freedom. On March 21, 1990, Namibia gained its freedom and the country was renamed the Republic of Namibia. Sam Nujoma was chosen as the first President of the Republic of Namibia.

Namibia Independence Day timeline

1435
The European Exploration Begins

The European expedition to Namibia begins with Portuguese explorer Diogo Cao's voyage.

1884
The Move to a German Colony

Under Otto Von Bismarck, Namibia becomes a German colony.

1970s
The Revolts Begin

The people of Namibia demand their freedom from South Africa and fight for it.

1990
The Independence Day

Namibia gets its independence and becomes the Republic of Namibia.

Namibia Independence Day FAQs

Is Namibia rich or poor?

Namibia is regarded as a higher middle-income country. However, there are inequalities in revenue.

Is Namibia a good place to live in?

Namibia is a safe country to live in. Though there are occasional reports of crimes, people feel safe and happy in Namibia.

Who rules Namibia?

Namibia follows a semi-presidential representative democratic system. A five-year term is granted to the elected President and is proclaimed to be the head of the state and the head of the government.

How to Observe Namibia Independence Day

  1. Participate in the events

    If you plan to visit Namibia, now would be a good time. Take part in the independence day celebrations and join the people in their celebrations.

  2. Share it on social media

    Let everyone know you're celebrating this day. Take pictures of yourself taking part in Namibia Independence Day celebrations and share them on social media.

  3. Learn more about Namibia

    Learn more about this country. Read a book or search the internet to learn more about its indigenous tribes, its landscapes, and its history.

5 Intriguing Facts About Namibia

  1. It has many languages

    There are about 30 languages that are spoken in Namibia.

  2. It receives meteor showers

    The Gibeon meteor shower is seen in Namibia.

  3. It has a large cheetah population

    There are about 3,000 cheetahs in Namibia currently.

  4. It has two currencies

    Both the Namibian dollar and South African Rand are used in Namibia.

  5. It has the biggest shipwreck gravesite

    A lot of ships were destroyed and many sailors lost their lives on the coast of Namibia also known as the Skeleton Coast.

Why Namibia Independence Day is Important

  1. It gives us a chance to appreciate Namibia

    This day gives us a chance to appreciate the Namibian people's struggle for independence. We appreciate their resilience that saw them attain their freedom.

  2. It gives us a chance to understand historical events

    Namibia has witnessed a rollercoaster of events in its history. This day gives us a glimpse of their past

  3. It improves our political and geographical knowledge

    This day educates us and gives us a chance to have an in-depth understanding of countries in the world such as Namibia. It is always worthwhile to increase our knowledge base.

Namibia Independence Day dates

YearDateDay
2023March 21Tuesday
2024March 21Thursday
2025March 21Friday
2026March 21Saturday
2027March 21Sunday

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