Struggle For Human Rights Day is observed every year on March 25. It is observed to commemorate the candle demonstration that occurred in Slovakia on March 25, 1988. The candle demonstration was planned by Marián Štastný, the Executive Vice President of the Slovakia World Congress, to fight for the religious freedom of the country. Around 5,000 Slovaks protested at the Hviezdoslav Square, and thousands protested in adjacent streets. The demonstration was against the Communist regime in Czechoslovakia and can be considered an important first step toward dismantling the communist regime of Czechoslovakia.
History of Struggle For Human Rights Day
Slavik Slovaks settled in present-day Slovakia in the sixth century. Slovakia was politically united with the Moravian empire in the ninth century, but in 907, the Germans and Magyars conquered the Moravian state. It was only in 1918 that the Hapsburg-ruled empire collapsed, following World War I, and the Slovaks joined the Czech lands of Bohemia, Moravia, and part of Silesia, which formed the new joint state of Czechoslovakia.
In 1939, Germany occupied Czechoslovakia, created a German protectorate and a puppet state out of Slovakia, and elected Monsignor Josef Tiso as prime minister. Slovakia was liberated from the Germans by the Soviet army in 1945, and the state was restored to its pre-war status and rejoined the new Czechoslovakian state. But in 1948, the Communist Party took power, and Slovakia was again subjected to a centralized Czech-dominated government. This created a rift between the two republics.
It was in 1969, that the nation became the Slovak Socialist Republic of Czechoslovakia. On March 25, 1988, the candle demonstration was held in Hviezdoslav street by Roman Catholic dissent groups demanding religious freedom in Czechoslovakia. This demonstration was the first big-scale demonstration after 1969 and was a vital step toward dismantling the communist regime.
The Slovak Republic came into being on January 1, 1993, and Vaclav Havel became the president of Czechoslovakia, and democratic political reform began.
Struggle For Human Rights Day timeline
Slavik Slovaks settle in present-day Slovakia.
Germany creates a German protectorate and occupies Czechoslovakia.
The Soviet Union liberates Slovakia, and Slovakia joins the new Czechoslovakian State.
The Slovakia Republic comes into being, and Vaclav Havel is appointed as the first president.
Struggle For Human Rights Day FAQs
What is the struggle for human rights?
It is a day observed every year in Slovakia to commemorate the candle demonstration.
When is Human Rights Day?
Human Rights Day is on December 10.
What are the five basic human rights?
Basic human rights include the right to life and personal liberty, freedom of opinion, freedom from slavery, right to work, and right to education.
How to Observe Struggle For Human Rights Day
Recreate the candle demonstration
The best way to commemorate this day would be to recreate the peaceful candle demonstration. Remember the forefathers’ struggles for liberation in the country and consider all the steps they took to achieve it.
Read up on the history
The history of Slavik countries is intricate and full of troubles. To understand the achievement of the country, read its history and learn how the events shaped its future.
Spread the message and allow people to have a glimpse of the struggles of countries’ founding founders. Educate yourself and teach others, too.
5 Interesting Facts About Slovakia
It’s the world’s eighth newest country
Slovakia and the Czech Republic separated to form two different countries in 1993.
The country has the lowest birth rate
According to the World Bank, Slovakian women have 1.3 children on average.
Its people love drinking
According to World Health Organization, Slovakia is one of the 10 booziest nations on the planet.
It has a weird slogan
The country’s travel slogan is: “Travel in Slovakia — good idea.”
They love Andy Warhol
Andy Warhol’s parents came from an obscure Slovakia town, and the town has the second-largest collection of his works.
Why Struggle For Human Rights Day is Important
It celebrates a great country
Struggle For Human Rights Day highlights the struggles of people for their country’s independence. It ignites feelings of patriotism, hence a great day to be celebrated.
It commemorates an important historical event
It commemorates the candle demonstration that was held for religious freedom in Slovakia. This day is special as it cemented Sloviaks’ demand for a republic.
It celebrates history
It is a historical day that tells the importance of all historical events. Events such as this led to the liberation of the country.
Struggle For Human Rights Day dates