¡Viva Mexico! The words that had the power to free a nation. Words that are shouted out even today on the eve of Mexico’s Independence Day. This is the Shout of Dolores that is reenacted every year on September 15. In 1810, when the Roman Catholic Priest Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla (parish priest of Dolores) rang the bell of his church and gave a ringing speech to free Mexico, little did he know that he had actually set the wheels in motion. The President of Mexico rings the very bell Hidalgo rang and ends his speech with ¡Viva Mexico!
Shout of Dolores - History
A Mural in Tribute
Juan O'Gorman created the famous mural portraying the Cry of Dolores — located at the Museo Nacional de Historia in Mexico City.
First National Celebration
Ratified by the conventions of 1822 and 1824, the Shout of Dolores was celebrated by the nation for the first time.
Mexico is Declared Independent
Spain accepts the independence of Mexico with the Treaty of Córdoba.
16 September 1810
Historic Cry was Uttered
Hidalgo rings the church bells and gives a rousing speech, or cry, starting Mexico’s war of independence.
How to Observe Shout of Dolores
1. Feel free to party
Serve tacos, tamales, guacamole, and an El Grito de la Independencia dish! It's a dish that bears the colors of the national flag and is basically stuffed poblano peppers doused in walnut sauce.
2. Join the fiesta in Mexico
Mexico takes on a fun color during Independence Day and everyone’s invited! This is a great time to visit the country where celebrations make every city come alive with parties, fireworks, street fairs, and re-enactments.
3. Give a shout out with your own parade
Take to the streets wearing white, green, and red!
5 Facts About Mexico's Independence That Will Free Your Soul
1. Freedom comes after 300 years
The Spanish begin ruling Mexico after the fall of the Aztec empire and remain in power for centuries!
2. Cinco de Mayo is not Independence Day
Contrary to what many people think, Cinco de Mayo commemorates the victory of the Mexican army over the French empire, and that took place 50 years after Mexico was free!
3. #3:You can set your watch by it
The Cry of Dolores is delivered at 11 p.m. sharp on the eve of Independence Day, every year.
4. It's a two-day Independence Day celebration
Mexicans are super lucky! They get to celebrate their Independence Day over two whole days.
5. It took 11 years to defeat the Spanish
After Hidalgo’s Cry of Dolores, the war of independence lasted over a decade. A long road to freedom indeed!
Why Shout of Dolores is Important
A. The cry is a symbol of Mexico's independence
Hidalgo’s cry inspired a nation to fight for its freedom. Even after his death, the cry rang loud and clear — stirring brave hearts to continue their revolt until they won.
B. It is the harbinger of Mexico’s Independence Day
For patriots, this day is important as it starts off the ceremonies to Mexico’s Independence Day.
C. It's truly historic
The events that led to the cry and what happened after are important for the history of Mexico. After centuries of colonization and oppression, the people embarked on a long but rewarding struggle.