Anniversary of the Revolution – November 1, 2022

The Anniversary of the Revolution in Algeria takes place on November 1 every year. It is also known as the Red (Bloody) All Saints Day, coinciding with the Catholic day of remembrance for saints. This is so because it commemorates the start of the war of independence against France by the National Liberation Front (F.L.N.). Lots of lives were lost and many others were displaced from their homes. France won the conflict and regained control of the country, but the brutality which was used to achieve it further angered the Algerians and caused France to lose support in France and abroad. It ultimately led to Algeria gaining Independence from France on July 5, 1962.

History of Anniversary of the Revolution

The year 1830 marked the invasion of Algeria by the French who were led by Marshall Bugeaud, who then became the first Governor-General of Algeria. As with most invasions, it was violent with massacres, mass rapes, and other violent crimes which led to between 500,000 and one million, from approximately three million Algerians, being killed in the first three decades of the conquest, while the Fench lost about 95,000 people.

This then led to Algeria becoming a French military colony in 1834 and being separated into three departments; Alger, Constantine, and Oran. This development led to the settling of others in Algeria as it attracted some French, Spanish, Italians, Maltese, and other Europeans. Between 1852 and 1871, under the second empire, the Indigenous code (Code de l’indigénat) was implemented. The code, implemented exactly on July 14, 1865, allowed Muslims to apply for full French citizenship, but was met with resistance because it involved renouncing the right to be governed by sharia law in personal matters. The decree was, however, modified in 1870 to grant French nationality to Jews living in one of the three Algerian departments. In 1881 the Code de l’Indigénat made the discrimination official by creating penalties for indigenes and organizing the seizure or appropriation of their lands.

With all this happening, oppression continued over the years and led to 70 individual coordinated attacks on Police and Military targets across Algeria by the National Liberation Front (F.L.N.) to signal the start of the Algerian War on November 1, 1954. After eight years of fighting, it led to Algeria gaining its independence on July 5, 1962.

Anniversary of the Revolution timeline

1830
Algeria Is Invaded By The French

Algeria is invaded by the French in 1834 with a lot of losses to both parties.

1834
Algeria Becomes A French Military Colony

Algeria becomes a French military colony in 1834 and attracts settlers from France and other European countries.

1954
The Revolution Starts In Algeria

The Algeria War starts and lasts for eight years.

1962
Algeria Gains Its Independence

The Algeria War ends, resulting in the Independence of Algeria from France

Anniversary of the Revolution FAQs

When is the Anniversary of the Revolution celebrated?

It is celebrated on November 1 every year.

Why is the Anniversary of the Revolution called Red All Saint’s Day?

The revolution started on November 1, which coincides with Christian All Saints Day.

How long did the Algerian war last?

The Algerian war lasted eight years, between 1954 and 1962.

How to Observe Anniversary of the Revolution

  1. Visit burial sites in Algeria

    Visit the sites of those who died in the war. This serves as a good way to remember and appreciate those who fought for freedom.

  2. Educate others on the revolution

    Educate others, especially children, on the Algerian war so they can learn more about history. This can lead to more empathy in the World especially seeing the number of lives that were lost.

  3. Start a social media campaign

    Start a social media campaign to raise awareness about the anniversary of the revolution in Algeria. Social media is a really powerful tool to help achieve this.

5 Important People In Algerian History

  1. Khair ad Din

    Khair ad-Din was a military commander of Algiers and is considered to be the founder of modern Algeria

  2. Ferhat Abbas

    He was a Muslim leader who in March 1943, presented the French administration with the Manifesto of the Algerian People that demanded an Algerian constitution that would guarantee immediate and effective political participation and legal equality for Muslims.

  3. Ahmed Ben Bella

    He was the first president of an independent Algeria and was overthrown in a military coup in 1965.

  4. Houari Boumediène

    He served as Algeria's Chairman of the Revolutionary Council from 1965 to 1976, and from then on as President of Algeria to his death in 1978.

  5. Abdelaziz Bouteflika

    He was elected President of Algeria in 1999 and ended his tenure in 2014.

Why Anniversary of the Revolution is Important

  1. It appreciates heroes

    The day is used to appreciate the heroes who fought for the freedom of the masses. Any chance to appreciate people like these should be taken.

  2. It encourages empathy

    Empathy is one of the strongest emotions that can be utilized to achieve world peace. Seeing the number of people who died in the struggle would encourage empathy.

  3. It educates the children

    Celebrating history is more than teaching it in class. The children and generations to come would be more able to grasp how important the day is when it is celebrated.

Anniversary of the Revolution dates

YearDateDay
2022November 1Tuesday
2023November 1Wednesday
2024November 1Friday
2025November 1Saturday
2026November 1Sunday
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