Kosovo Constitution Day is observed on April 9 each year. The holiday marks the day in 2008 when the constitution of Kosovo was ratified by the people of Kosovo. A small landlocked territory, Kosovo borders countries Serbia, Albania, Macedonia, and Montenegro. Part of erstwhile Yugoslavia, the country was the ground of NATO-led airstrikes in 1998 and 1999, dubbed the Kosovo War. The constitution, completed in 2008, aimed to unify the country and establish a democratic and peaceful state for its people. The 2008 constitution also states Kosovo’s desire for Euro-Atlantic integration.
History of Kosovo Constitution Day
Modern-day Kosovo has been part of several empires and nations over the past few centuries. It was ruled over by the Ottoman Empire for about four centuries before being handed over to Serbia after the First Balkan War. It was partitioned between Serbia and Montenegro and then absorbed by Yugoslavia. During the second world war, Italian forces took control over Kosovo until Nazi Germany took control. By the end of the Second World War, Kosovo was back within Yugoslavia.
By 1981, riots broke out and were violently suppressed when Kosovo Albanians began demanding a full republic status. The next decade saw political leaders cultivating the fear felt by the Serbian minority in Kosovo and Kosovo Albanians protesting for a separate state. The year 1998 saw a violent police and military campaign against the protesters. After nearly 80 days of NATO-led bombings, Belgrade lost its control over Kosovo, and the latter finally began the process of obtaining independence.
The United Nations Security Council adopted Resolution 1244 on June 10, 1999, which formed the basis for the constitutional developments in Kosovo. Kosovo officially declared its independence from Serbia on February 17, 2008. The United States was the first country to acknowledge Kosovo as a country on February 18. To date, several countries from across the globe have officially recognized Kosovo’s independence from Serbia. The country’s constitution was drafted on April 7, 2008 and was ratified by the Kosovar people on April 9.
Kosovo Constitution Day timeline
Kosovo is taken over by Serbia from the Ottoman Empire.
Kosovo is the site of NATO-led bombings.
Kosovo declares its independence from Serbia.
The Kosovo Constitution is ratified by the people of Kosovo.
Kosovo Constitution Day FAQs
Is Kosovo a country?
Yes, Kosovo is a sovereign, independent country.
Is Kosovo rich or poor?
Kosovo is one of the poorest countries in Europe.
What currency is used in Kosovo?
The euro is the currency used in Kosovo
Kosovo Constitution Day Activities
Read up on Kosovo’s history
Kosovo has a rich history. Use this day as an excuse to read up on it.
If it’s within your means, visit Kosovo. It’s a beautiful country with a rich heritage. If you can’t visit, research its attractions online.
Watch the official celebration ceremonies
If traveling isn’t quite your thing, don’t worry. You can catch a live stream of the official celebrations of the holiday.
5 Interesting Facts About Kosovo
A young country
Kosovo is the second-youngest country in the world.
A poor nation
Kosovo is the poorest European nation.
Kosovo comes from the Serbian name of a plain called “field of blackbirds.”
Over 110 countries recognize Kosovo as an independent country.
The majority of the country’s population lives in poverty.
Why We Love Kosovo Constitution Day
It’s an excuse to read up on history
Kosovo Constitution Day is an excuse to expand your knowledge. Read up on the fascinating history of Kosovo.
It serves as a reminder of word politics
Often, independence struggles are seen as a thing of the past. This day serves as a reminder that the aspirations of a people keep evolving over time.
It celebrates the aspirations of a people
Kosovo Constitution Day is the celebration of the aspirations of a people. Kosovo is still a young country on the path to realizing its goals.
Kosovo Constitution Day dates