Dominican Independence Day is celebrated on November 3. Dominica has a tumultuous past with greedy nations attempting to colonize and rule it. It is the strength and determination of the people that helped it gain independence after years of political turmoil and the rule by foreign leaders. The independence of Dominica was declared on November 3, 1978. Dominican Independence Day is an opportunity to commemorate the country’s rich culture and history. Several events take place leading up to the day, such as Heritage Day and Creole Day. So let us join the festivities and commemorate the will and strength of the Dominicans.
History of Dominican Independence Day
Let’s begin with the discovery of Dominica. Christopher Columbus stumbled upon the island of Hispaniola before reaching America on November 3, 1493. Since it was a Sunday, he named this piece of land after the Latin phrase ‘Dies Dominica,’ which means the ‘Lord’s day.’
It was one of the first Caribbean countries to be put on the world map. Owing to the Italian explorer’s discovery, trade routes between Europe and the Americas (an ancient name for the collective landmass of North and South America) sprouted. Europeans had a penchant for colonization back then, so the same was done to Dominica. Spain was not much interested in the pursuit, so France took it up.
Slavery was quite prevalent during this period. Enslaved people were brought in from Africa to work on coffee plantations. In 1763, the British gained control of the land. But, until 1805, the French did not stop fighting for possession. Fights to control lands and masses are a futile attempt of humankind to find significance. This prolongs the fights while victories are short-lived.
In 1978, Dominica gained independence from British rule, with Patrick John becoming the first Prime Minister of Dominica.
Dominican Independence Day timeline
On November 3, Dominica is discovered by Columbus.
Dominica is colonized by the French and slavery is introduced in the country.
British colonies are set up after gaining possession of the land under the Treaty of Paris.
Dominica gains independence and becomes a republic nation under the Commonwealth.
Dominican Independence Day FAQs
Is Dominica safe to visit?
Yes, Dominica is safe to visit for tourists. Tourist-targeted crimes are rare.
Why do tourists visit Dominica?
It is one of the less-explored Caribbean places with equally (if not more) beautiful destinations.
What is the difference between Dominica and the Dominican Republic?
People often get confused between Dominica and the Dominican Republic because of their similar names and locations. They are two different island countries in the Caribbean. Dominica is located in the Windward Islands between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, halfway between Puerto Rico and Trinidad and Tobago, while the Dominican Republic is located on the island of Hispaniola in the Greater Antilles.
How to Observe Dominican Independence Day
Wear the national dress
Wear the beautiful and brightly colored Dominica’s national dress. Wob Dwiyet is a common favorite. This is the perfect way to show your excitement about Dominican Independence Day.
Dance and enjoy the local music
Enjoy the local music of the accordion bands and sway to the grooves of Belle (with a special Caribbean twist). Immerse yourself in the Dominican culture and enjoy every moment of this day.
Try the local cuisine
Dive into the local delicacies such as crab backs, callaloo, and titiwi accra. Treat yourself and your loved one to some delightfully delicious Dominican meals.
5 Interesting Facts About Dominica
It is not the Dominican Republic
Dominica is often confused with the Dominican Republic, but they are two different countries in the Caribbean.
Currency and language
The Eastern Caribbean dollar is used in Dominica and Creole (a mix of French, African, and English) is the spoken language.
It has a volcanic lake
Dominica is home to the world’s second-largest volcanic lake, the Boiling Lake.
The land of rivers and volcanoes
The Island of Dominica has nine volcanoes and many rivers, with the Indian River being a tourist favorite.
Home to sperm whales
It is the only place in the world where sperm whales reside year-round, and whales and dolphins live close to the shore.
Why Dominican Independence Day is Important
This day celebrates the rich Dominican history
Dominica's tumultuous past makes for a long cultural and political history. The long struggle for Dominica’s freedom adds to the significance of this day. This day commemorates the resilience and strength of the Dominican people.
We get to know more about the Dominican landscape
With its many volcanoes, mountains, and rivers, Dominica is the perfect place for extreme adventure. This beautiful and picturesque country has it all. This day celebrates Dominican beauty and strength in every single aspect.
It ushers in a month-long celebration
The weeks leading up to the day are filled with cultural days and events such as Heritage Day, Creole Day, Miss Wob Dwiyet Pageant, and Ti Matador Competition. And who does not love celebrations and festivities?
Dominican Independence Day dates