Kyrgyzstan Independence Day is celebrated on August 31 of every year. As a national holiday in Kyrgyzstan, it is one of the most important dates in the calendar, and a commemoration of the founding of the Republic of Kyrgyzstan after the implosion of the U.S.S.R.
From gorgeous snow mountains to wild pastures inhabited by semi-nomads, Kyrgyzstan is one of the most beautiful countries. Its rich history, parts of which are still preserved, and beautiful wildlife make it one of the best-hidden gems in the world.
History of Kyrgyzstan Independence Day
Kyrgyzstan is a landlocked country in Central Asia. Its landscape consists mainly of mountainous regions, and the country has been at the crossroads of many civilizations and cultures. Throughout its history, nomadic tribes, some even to this day, have long inhabited the area known today as Kyrgyzstan. The rich history of this country can be seen in its many historical sites, three of which are UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
One of the earliest unified Kyrgyz states in history saw its peak around 840 A.D. The Kyrgyz people maintained dominion over the mountain regions of Central Asia for about two centuries afterward. As of the 12th century, the Kyrgyz people began migrating south, to avoid conflict during the expansion of the Mongol Empire.
In the late 19th century, parts of modern-day Kyrgyzstan were being ceded to the Russian empire. This had prompted many of the Kyrgyz people to revolt. The 1916 rebellion against Russian rule is one of the most significant moments in the history of the Kyrgyz people.
For most of the 20th century, Kyrgyzstan was under Soviet rule. Nonetheless, the country had undergone development during this period. Besides educational systems, infrastructure and literacy, this was also the period when a distinct Kyrgyz national identity began developing.
The fall of the Soviet Union in 1991 is also the period when most former Soviet republics began declaring independence. Similarly, the Republic of Kyrgyzstan declared independence the same year. In 2005, however, a revolution took place in the country, issuing other changes in governance and policy.
Kyrgyzstan Independence Day timeline
After centuries of armed conflicts and migrations, the Kyrgyz people settle in modern-day Kyrgyzstan.
The Soviet Union establishes The Kirghiz Soviet Socialist Republic under its control.
After declaring independence from the Soviet Union, Kyrgyzstan joins the U.N. and launches an economic reform program.
A constitution referendum approving new amendments, and a general election helps the country launch in a new direction.
Kyrgyzstan Independence Day FAQs
What is the most popular food in Kyrgyzstan?
Beshbarmak is the national dish of Kyrgyzstan and is also popular in other neighboring countries
What language is spoken in Kyrgyzstan?
Most people in the county speak the Kyrgyz language, however, Russian is also spoken as well as Uzbek.
Is Kyrgyzstan safe?
Although some regions around the borders can pose safety risks for tourists, most of the country is very safe.
How to Observe Kyrgyzstan Independence Day
Read about the history
The Kyrgyz people have a long and rich history. Several lessons can be learned from that time to place many of our modern-day political issues into perspective. There is no better way to give this national holiday an international perspective.
Check art and culture from the region
Kyrgyzstan Independence Day is to celebrate a people and their culture. The country has many cultural forms and renowned artists to offer. From ancient historical works to modern art marvels, Kyrgyz art and culture have indeed a lot to offer.
Visit the country or a cultural center
Visiting the country would be the best activity to do for this holiday. Not only will you be experiencing the country and its culture firsthand, but also as this holiday is one of the most important dates in the calendar for Kyrgyzstan, many festivities will take place. If not, several Kyrgyz consulates or associated cultural centers would organize activities and events.
5 Facts About Kyrgyzstan And Kyrgyz Culture
Longest poem in history
"The Epic of Manas" is one of the longest poems in history and it tells the story of a warrior who unified several tribes into a single nation, which makes it an important part of Kyrgyz culture and tradition
Eagle hunting is a tradition believed to have been practiced by Kyrgyz tribes around the 12th century and is still practiced there to this day.
Kyrgyzstan is almost entirely dominated by mountainous regions, which make up 92% of the country’s territory.
The Number 40
Several elements in Kyrgyz culture reference the number 40, from the 40 clans in the Epic of Manas, which inspired the 40 sun rays in the country’s flag, to the name Kyrgyz, which is derived from the Turkic word for the number 40.
Kyrgyzstan has an area of 200,000 Km² with a population of 6,5 million, making it one of the least crowded countries.
Why Kyrgyzstan Independence Day is Important
Unique history and culture
There are several elements from Kyrgyz culture that make it distinctive and unique. The history itself goes back to the earliest civilizations. The cultural landscape including the unique traditions and stories of several tribes is one of the richest in the world.
As a highly mountainous region, Kyrgyzstan is also home to some of the most beautiful valleys and landscapes in the world. High peaks overlooking idyllic grass patches, snowy mountains covered in winter mist, and beautiful oases in the desert steppes, Kyrgyzstan is indeed one of the most beautiful countries in the world.
Great tourism destination
Tourism in the country is growing at a rapid pace. Although not as well known as some renowned destinations, Kyrgyzstan is still a top destination for several reasons. The Visa application process is relatively easy, and the country is generally safe.
Kyrgyzstan Independence Day dates