World Architecture Day is celebrated every first Monday of October, on October 4 this year, to appreciate the great architectural works of the ancient and modern worlds and the super brilliant people who design them. Can you believe that the Great Pyramids, built over 4,000 years ago, is the only Great World Wonder still standing? We can only imagine the brilliance of the Egyptian architects and the engineering involved. Architecture is not only limited to buildings but encompasses every aspect of human life and is essential to our development as a race.
History of World Architecture Day
The history of architecture is the history of humankind — they are interlinked. With successive changes in architecture comes development in our culture, tradition, commerce, technology, and intellectuality.
The first architecture era of renown is the Neolithic period, which was between 10000 and 2000 B.C. The structures of this era were usually rectangular, and dwellings were built independently of each other. The Neolithic architecture was made of stone, tree trunks, reeds, clay, and thick timber posts. This type of architecture could be found in south and southwest Asia and most of Europe. Stonehenge is a famous architectural structure from that era.
The next architecture era of note was the period of antiquity when some of the world’s greatest and most revered architectures were made. The first notable architecture of this era is the Ziggurat of Ur, a Mesopotamian structure dedicated to the god Marduk. That was followed by ancient Egyptian architecture, from the Pyramid of Djoser built in the Third Dynasty to the Giza pyramids in the Fourth Dynasty.
The classical period saw the rise of ancient Greece and then Roman architecture, which dominated architectural styles for centuries. Ancient Greece architecture was designed for the people to enable a striving society. Grecian architecture includes the Parthenon and the Erechtheion. Roman architecture was the most advanced for its time, and its influence was felt as far as North Africa. Ancient Romans were also known for innovations such as domes, baths, aqueducts, and rounded stone arches. The Pantheon and the Colosseum are the most important pieces of architecture from the Roman period that we have today
The Romanesque, Gothic, Renaissance, and Neo-Gothic architecture that followed saw prominent structures such as the Durham Cathedral, Lund Cathedral, the Leaning Tower of Pisa, Notre-Dame de Paris, the Reims Cathedral, and the Florence Cathedral.
The Modern architecture era began in the early 20th century, ushered in by Art Nouveau’s architectural style. It saw architectural styles such as Art Deco (Empire State Building and Chrysler Building), Expressionism (Einstein Tower and the Lotus Temple), and Internationalism (the Seagram Building and the Equitable Building).
Postmodernism is an architectural style that is quickly gaining acceptance in the 21st century, of which the Team Disney Building and the Dancing House are examples. 3D printing and sustainable architecture are styles predicted to dominate the architecture scenes for years.
In 1985, the International Union of Architects created World Architect Day to “remind the world of its responsibility for the future of the human habitat.” The day perfectly coincides with World Habitat Day.
World Architecture Day timeline
Imhotep is the exceptional architect that constructs the Pyramid of Djoser and one of the first known architects.
The Mesopotamian Ziggurat of Ur is the first known significant piece of architecture.
The Roman empire, which ended thousands of years ago, still influences architecture and society in the 21 century.
Art Nouveau, which originated before the First World War, was the first architectural style without historical touch.
World Architecture Day FAQs
Who is the world’s greatest architect?
Frank Lloyd Wright is considered the world’s greatest architect. He designed over 1,000 structures and completed more than 500 0f them. He was known for his innovative detailing and concepts on organic and natural forms.
Who is the richest in architecture?
Norman Foster of Foster and Partners is the highest-paid architect with a yearly earning of 2 million euros.
What are the top skills you need to be an architect?
You need numeracy, design, creativity, engineering, visualization, problem-solving, civil engineering, and communication skills.
How to Observe World Architecture Day
Participate in World Architecture Day events
Each year, various architecture associations and organizations organize World Architecture Day events aligned to the theme announced by the International Union of Architects. You can check your area for these events or search the internet. A prominent World Architecture Day event that happens yearly is the Union of Architects’ World Architecture Day conference. Stay updated on the UIA website for their upcoming events.
Visit the iconic architectural buildings in the U.S.
Why not spend World Architecture Day visiting some of the most iconic architectural buildings in the country to appreciate the works of American ingenuity? You can take a tour of the Alabama State Capitol, Taliesin West, Walt Disney Concert Hall, and the Grand Opera House.
Celebrate the history of architecture advancement by posting a picture series on social media
You can use World Architecture Day to educate people on the history of architecture. We’ve earlier shared an overview of the history of architecture. You can deepen your knowledge by doing personal research and possibly talking to an architect friend if you have one. Then share your learnings with pictures on any of your social media pages. We think Instagram is the best place for that.
5 Amazing Facts About Ancient Roman Architecture
Romans were the first to use concrete
The ancient Roman architecture was the first to be built with concrete, made from mortar, lime, peperino, broken bricks, marble, and lumps of tufa.
Romans made the largest unsupported concrete dome
The Dome of Pantheon, built in 125 A.D. and weighing 4,535 metric tons, remains the largest dome that stands without external support.
Romans perfected the arches and vaults
The ancient Romans transformed the feeble ancient Egyptians, Babylonians, and the Greeks’ arches and vaults into sturdy structures that became aqueducts and bridges.
Romans developed the underfloor heating system
The ancient Romans invented the first underfloor heating system used in baths and heating in public buildings.
Roman structures are still in use today
Ancient Roman architecture was of high quality and designed to last for ages, which is why the Alcantara Bridge in Spain and the Cloaca Maxima in Rome are still in use today.
Why World Architecture Day is Important
Architecture reflects the humankind advancement
If you look at the history of architecture, you will find that it’s deeply interlinked with the history of humankind’s advancement. As our architecture improved, so did other areas of our lives, including culture, society, military advancement, and economy. To see how far human beings have come, you only need to compare current architecture to the ancient ones.
Architecture plays a critical role in determining our future
From the beginning of time, architecture has always protected us from natural disasters. That includes flooding, hurricanes, and earthquakes. You will find disaster-resistant architectural structures in disaster-prone regions of the world, such as Japan and the Philippines. For humankind to mitigate and adapt to the increasingly severe impact of climate change, architecture has a critical role to play.
It celebrates the works of architects
Architects are amazingly brilliant individuals that have shaped human society. From the Great Pyramid and the Colosseum to Saint Basil’s Cathedral and the Empire State Building, these are works of incredible feats that wouldn’t have been possible without architects.
World Architecture Day dates