Venezuela Independence Day is celebrated annually on July 5, commemorating its history as the first independent country in South America. Today we remember Venezuela’s role as a leader of popular resistance and the Latin American independence movement. A day to honor visionaries such as Simón Bolívar and Francisco de Miranda, whose bravery flew in the face of the mighty Spanish empire. Songs, legends, and shrines still abound in their name. Despite unspeakable violence and atrocities on both sides, the patriots secured Venezuelan independence in 1821 after decades of resistance. Although we celebrate the country’s independence today, July 5 symbolizes the road to freedom for all people. Venezuela will welcome everyone who wants to join the celebration of this great holiday. The main thing is an earnest desire to congratulate the people of Venezuela.
History of Venezuela Independence Day
This holiday marks the anniversary of the events of July 5, 1811, when delegates to the First National Constituent Congress formally decided on independence, ending a two-day discussion that began on July 3 of that year. This method was put to the vote at the session of Congress on July 5, and the decision was confirmed by Congress President Juan Antonio Rodriguez.
On the same day, spokespersons Cristobal Mendoza and Juan Herman Roscio presented a declaration of national independence to Congress with the acceptance of Secretary-General Francisco Isnardi. In the document, representatives of seven of the 10 provinces belonging to the General Captaincy (Caracas, Cumana, Barinas, Margarita, Barcelona, Merida, and Trujillo) declared their independence and explained the reasons. The first is that it was disastrous that a small European nation ruled the vast expanses of America. The second, Spanish America regained its right to self-government after the abdication of Charles IV and Ferdinand VII in Bayonne. And the last one is that political instability in Spain forced Venezuelans to rule despite fraternity, which they shared with Spain and the Spanish people.
The declaration proclaimed a new country named the American Confederation of Venezuela as an independent state in a republican form of government based on seven provinces belonging to the former captaincy. The declaration was passed by Congress on July 7 and given the full force of the law in a decree issued on July 8 by the President of the Executive Triumvirate, Cristobal Mendoza. It was later presented to the public in Caracas and read in what is now Bolivar Square on July 14, 1811.
Venezuela Independence Day timeline
The Spanish Empire establishes a permanent South American settlement in present-day Cumaná.
Fed up with Spanish rule, the Creole Patriots discuss independence in secret.
It launches the opening of the road to the First Republic of Venezuela and the beginning of the fight for independence.
Venezuela becomes the first South American country to cut ties with Spain, forming the First Venezuelan Republic.
The victory of Bolivar, who is leading the freedom fighters in this battle, leads to the independence of Venezuela and the creation of the Republic of Greater Colombia.
It is the last battle of the Venezuelan War of Independence and the great Spanish American War of Independence.
The parade includes a week of public parades, military exercises, and patriotic and sports activities.
Venezuela Independence Day FAQs
Why does Venezuela celebrate Independence Day?
Since the Congress of Venezuelan Provinces declared independence from Spain on July 5, 1811.
Who helped Venezuela gain independence?
Under the leadership of Simon Bolivar, the country gained independence from Spain in 1821.
How many days of independence in Venezuela?
As one of the first countries to take the long revolutionary path to the end of European domination in Latin America, Venezuela has two days of independence.
What was Venezuela part of before?
Venezuela, along with present-day Panama, Colombia, and Ecuador, was once a part of the Republic of Gran Colombia.
How many independence days does Venezuela have?
Venezuela marks two days of independence, a declaration of self-rule in 1811 and formal independence in 1821.
How to Observe Venezuela Independence Day
Visit Venezuela to observe Venezuela Independence Day. The festivities are memorable, and you can enjoy the day strolling through the streets full of history, photographing outstanding monuments, and discussing historical events with the locals.
Go to the parade
The annual Caracas Independence Day parade, attended by the President and Commander-in-Chief of the National Bolivarian Armed Forces of Venezuela, is the highlight of the celebration. If you are in Venezuela, you should definitely visit it because you will be able to walk along the legendary Heroes Avenue.
Follow the tradition
Traditionally, Venezuelans gather with traditional music, dances, and dishes such as arepas (fried or baked cornmeal cakes, usually filled with ham and cheese) to celebrate their national day. It’s a good idea for those who do not have the opportunity to go to Venezuela to make them at home.
5 Facts About Venezuela That Will Blow Your Mind
It’s a paradise for wildlife
Venezuela has a large number of different species, most of which cannot be found anywhere else in the world.
Rich in oil
It has the largest proven oil reserves in the world.
It borders three countries
The Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean border Venezuela to the north, and it shares land borders with Brazil, Colombia, and Guyana.
An atmospheric phenomenon occurs there
Lake Maracaibo, a large tidal bay, is the most active lightning zone in the world, with up to 28 lightning strikes per minute during severe storms.
It has the world’s highest waterfall
It’s home to Angel Falls, which is also called Salto Angel, with a height of 979 meters and a drop of 807 meters.
Why Venezuela Independence Day is Important
It has a long history
Venezuela began its struggle for independence in 1806. Venezuela’s Independence Day celebrates the victory and freedom that the country has won.
The patriots are an inspiration
Powerful imperialist forces could not deter the patriots from their cause. They are shining examples of resilience and commitment.
It teaches us the importance of unity
Bolívar may have succeeded at many things, but his vision of a united Latin America never came true. This day teaches us that sometimes, we must keep differences aside and unite for a common purpose.
Venezuela Independence Day dates