Armenia Constitution Day is celebrated annually on July 5. It is a public holiday that honors the memory of the adoption of its post-Soviet Constitution and marks the creation of a new state structure and the beginning of a new stage in the life of the country. On this day, Armenia and its citizens take a break from work, school, or university, as it is considered an official national holiday.
Armenia Constitution Day is observed throughout the country with various ceremonies, speeches, and entertainment events. Not only Armenian citizens but also representatives of other states and nations can join the celebration.
History of Armenia Constitution Day
In 1990, Armenia declared its independence from the Soviet Union, and it worked on a draft constitution and revised the first until 1993. The opposition party was against the draft, and it was not until 1995 that a Constitution was adopted. The ongoing war in Nagorno-Karabakh over differences over border areas with neighboring Azerbaijan had also delayed the adoption of Armenia’s constitution.
Thus, the Constitution of Armenia was adopted in a popular Armenian referendum on July 5, 1995. Yerevan was recognized as the capital of the state. As for power, it belongs to its citizens, who exercise it directly through the election of government representatives. Decisions related to the change of the constitutional status or the change of borders are subject to voting by the citizens of Armenia in a referendum.
According to the November 2005 constitution, the President of the Republic appoints the Prime Minister based on the distribution of seats in the National Assembly and consultations with parliamentary factions. The president also appoints (or dismisses) members of the government on the recommendation of the Prime Minister. Armenia can be seen as a semi-presidential republic, given the constitutional powers of the president.
The Constitution Day of Armenia is celebrated simultaneously with the Day of State Symbols — Flag, Emblem, and Anthem. The Armenian flag has three equal horizontal stripes: the upper red stripe, the middle blue, and the lower orange stripe. The official version of the definition of colors is set out in the Constitution of the Republic of Armenia. It says that red symbolizes the Armenian Highlands and the struggle of people for survival, blue represents the will of the Armenian people to live in peace, and orange indicates the creative talent and diligence of the Armenians.
Armenia Constitution Day timeline
It expands parliamentary power, limits the presidential, and expands local government.
Amendments to the Constitution are being adopted.
The political structure changes from a semi-presidential system to a parliamentary republic.
Nikol Pashinyan assumes power and seeks to change the Constitution again.
Armenia Constitution Day FAQs
What is Armenia Constitution Day?
On July 5, Armenia celebrates Constitution Day, a national holiday that commemorates the day when the newly independent Armenia adopted its first constitution.
What is Armenia most famous for?
Armenia is famous for its wonderful nature, cuisine, culture, and history. And also the fact that it was the first country that officially adopted Christianity.
How old is Armenia?
Armenia is one of the world’s oldest civilizations. It has a history of over 3,500 years.
How to Observe Armenia Constitution Day
Take your time to relax with family
Since the day is off from work and school, you can arrange a small family vacation. Usually, on this holiday, people go to the parade, listen to the president’s speech, and take part in various festive events.
Visit the Vernissage arts-and-crafts market
Everyone who comes to Yerevan on this day is sure to visit the Vernissage. It is one of the city’s most popular attractions, more like the European open market. Here you can find not only souvenirs and jewelry of folk artists but also table and tea sets of the Soviet era.
Watch the online broadcast
If you do not have the opportunity to be in Armenia to observe Constitution Day, you can always watch the celebration ceremony online. In addition, you can use social networks because Armenians will be sure to share their stories of celebration.
5 Facts About Armenia That Will Blow Your Mind
It’s an ancient country
The history dates back to the Bronze Age and traces the beginning of civilization.
Armenia has its alphabet
The Armenian alphabet is one of the most developed in the world and was created in 405 to 406 A.D. by scientist and monk Mesrop Mashtots.
It’s home to the world’s oldest winery
In 2011, archaeologists discovered the oldest winery on the planet, found in a cave near the village of Arena, which is about 6,100 years old.
There are six UNESCO World Heritage Sites
These include the Haghpat and Sanagin Monasteries, the Echmiadzin Cathedral and Church, the Zvartnots Archaeological Complex, the Geghard Monastery, and the Azat Valley.
Yerevan is very old
The capital of Armenia was founded in 782 B.C., by King Argishti, and is even older than Rome!
Why Armenia Constitution Day is Important
It has a long history
It means not only the day of the adoption of the Constitution but also the whole path of the country to independence and its creation of the basic state law, which certifies this independence. Therefore, the Constitution Day of Armenia reminds us of the long and difficult path that the Constitution underwent with its amendments before it was approved.
It’s important for the country
Armenia Constitution Day is important because the Constitution plays a key role in the life of the country, as it determines the path of development. It is a solid foundation for strengthening democracy and ensuring sustainable development.
A day to express our solidarity
Constitution Day, as well as Independence Day, is a significant date for every nation. We have to show that we support Armenia and celebrate with the people of Armenia on this day.
Armenia Constitution Day dates