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National Day of Ethiopia – May 28, 2025

National Day of Ethiopia is observed annually on May 28. It is also known as the Downfall of the Derg. The Derg, a dictatorial military regime led by Mengistu Haile Mariam, was brought to an end in 1991. The largest celebrations take place in the capital city of Addis Ababa, where there are usually many crowds during the holidays. Business and traffic disruptions are frequent during this time. The holiday celebrates the country’s liberation and serves as a reminder for people to appreciate the privilege of living in freedom.

History of National Day of Ethiopia

National Day of Ethiopia is observed on May 28. The holiday marks the end in 1991 of the tyrannical Derg military rule over the country. Ethiopia is considered the only country in Africa never to be colonized. It has a diverse culture and a long history dating as early as the first millennium B.C. It is thought that modern humankind most likely has its roots in Ethiopia. The country is one of the oldest Christian nations, with the Orthodox Church considered the oldest in the world. Muslim, Orthodox Christianity, Protestants, and other beliefs make up an ethnographic society. An estimated 40% of Ethiopians are Muslim and over 60% Christian.

Ethiopian history has been influenced by the Middle East and Africa, and the country is home to many ancient ruins and other historical sites. In 1935, Ethiopia was invaded by Italy. By 1941, during WWII, the country was liberated with the assistance of British troops. During the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the country went through a sweep of modernization. Addis Ababa was established as the new capital by Emperor Menelik II. Ethiopia was one of the first countries to become a member of the United Nations. Ethiopia is host to two of the three continental organizations, including the U.N. Economic Commission for Africa and the African Union Commission headquarters. For this reason, Addis Ababa is sometimes referred to as the Capital of Africa. Ethiopia is well-known for its rich history, diverse wildlife, and magnificent landscapes ranging from deserts to tropical forests. Ethiopians take pride in celebrating their country and culture on the National Day of Ethiopia. It has many festivals and religious ceremonies.

National Day of Ethiopia timeline

980 B.C.
Ethiopia has Ancient Roots

The Kingdom of Damot is a Medieval kingdom in what is now Ethiopia.

Italian Occupation

Italian troops gain occupation of the country.

Ethiopia is Liberated from Italy

With help from British troops, Ethiopia is liberated from Italian rule.

Ethiopia Experiences Famine

During the rule of Mengistu, the country experiences some of the worst famines in its history.

National Day of Ethiopia FAQs

What was made in Ethiopia?

Ethiopia is known to be the birthplace of coffee.

Are donkeys from Ethiopia

Donkeys and camels were mostly trained in Ethiopia at a time.

Do Ethiopians marry young?

It is estimated that two out of every five girls in Ethiopia are married before they turn 18.

How to Observe National Day of Ethiopia

  1. Eat Ethiopian food

    Treat your friends and family to some delicious Ethiopian dishes. Make your own 'doro wat' a spicy stew of chicken, hard-boiled eggs, tomato paste, garlic, caramelized onions, and ginger, and serve it with pancakes.

  2. Visit Ethiopia

    Ethiopia is a beautiful country that attracts many tourists. Plan a trip and visit the country, enjoy the sights and take part in the festivities.

  3. Learn about Ethiopia

    Do some research and learn more about this African country. You’ll understand more about their fascinating history, people, wildlife, and rich culture.

5 Fascinating Facts About Ethiopia

  1. New Year is in September

    Ethiopians are known to celebrate their New Year on September 11 and they call it Enkutatash.

  2. There are 13 months

    Ethiopia is the only country in the world that considers there to be 13 months in a year.

  3. There are many languages

    The Ethiopian population speaks over 80 different languages.

  4. It hosts ancient fossils

    The oldest fossil of a human skeleton was located in Ethiopia and it was dated over three million years old.

  5. Ethiopia is quite large

    Ethiopia is considered the tenth biggest country in Africa.

Why National Day of Ethiopia is Important

  1. It celebrates freedom

    Freedom is a privilege that deserves to be celebrated. Having the right leadership can make all the difference in a country.

  2. It creates unity

    The holiday helps bring people together based on their love for their country. It helps them stay united as one nation.

  3. It preserves history

    The holiday serves as a way to educate the younger generation about the nation’s proud history. It is important for people to appreciate their culture and heritage.

National Day of Ethiopia dates

2025May 28Wednesday
2026May 28Thursday
2027May 28Friday
2028May 28Sunday
2029May 28Monday

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