Mizoram State Day – February 20, 2023

Mizoram State Day is on February 20. The day marks the formation of Mizoram as a state.
The region is a state in north-eastern India and shares a border with countries like Bangladesh and Myanmar. Are you wondering why this particular name was chosen for the state? Well, it’s because the inhabitants of the region are called Mizo. Based on the history, the British were particularly interested in the region’s resources such as tea and milk when they took over India. Hence, the state was officially formulated once India gained independence. To honor the day and the struggle of the residents, start celebrating now!

History of Mizoram State Day

Before Mizoram was declared a state, tribes from north Eastern India resided in this region. The origins of the tribes are still however a bit mysterious. According to historical records, the tribes migrated to India from China during the Mongoloid wave. Some also believe that the tribes emerged from the Shinlung or Chhinlung San, two areas located on the banks of the Yalung River in China. But the story gets even more complicated!

Although the people are called Mizos today, the first group of immigrants was formerly known as ‘Kukis.’ The second batch of people moving to India then came to be known as ‘New Kukis,’ while the last were referred to as ‘Lushais.’ During the 18th and 19th centuries, several tribe raids took place as the Mizo Hills were also declared under the ruling of the British in 1895. In 1935, a proclamation had left the districts of Lushai Hills and Assam to be regarded as an Excluded Area.

The Mizos despised the British ruling and therefore a political awakening had been evoked. As a result of the awakening, the first Mizo political party came into existence. On April 9, 1946, The Mizo Common People’s Union was born — later on, renamed as Mizo Union (MU). Although the party did bring about some change, the Mizos were never fully satisfied with the outcome as the British were still in major control. It was only when the British left India in 1947 that the Mizos were free.

Mizoram State Day timeline

1947
Freedom

India finally gains independence from Britain.

1960
Stress It Out

Mizoram faces pressure to seek its own statehood.

1972
The Move

Mizoram is carved out from Assam.

1987
The Call

Mizoram becomes the 23rd state of India.

Mizoram State Day FAQs

What is the State Day of Mizoram?

February 20 is observed as a state day as it commemorates the day Mizoram was declared a state.

When did Mizoram become a state?

Mizoram State was formed in 1987 after Chief Secretary Lalkhama read out the proclamation of statehood at a public meeting.

Who was the first chief minister of Mizoram?

C. Chhunga was the first Chief Minister of Mizoram who served on the MU from 1972 to 1977.

How to Observe Mizoram State Day

  1. Raise the national flag

    To celebrate the day, simply place a large national flag on the top of your house. This is one of the most common and easy ways to celebrate a national day.

  2. Light some fireworks

    Want to make a big statement? Get your hands on some fireworks and light them up at night. Just make sure you take all the safety precautions.

  3. Buy a cake

    To celebrate the day and also get your hands on something sweet, cut a cake with friends and family. Happy munching.

5 Important Facts About The Mizos

  1. The legend

    Legend has it that the Mizos emerged from a large rock known as Chhinlung.

  2. The famine

    Mizo Hills were destroyed in 1959 due to the then called 'Mautam Famine,’ which emerged from rats.

  3. Survival after the famine

    The Mizos survived by consuming roots and leaves from the jungles and some even moved far away.

  4. The highest mountain peak

    Phawngpui Peak is the highest mountain peak in Mizoram.

  5. Learning the art of cultivation

    Mizos learned about agriculture from the Burmese at Kabaw.

Why Mizoram State Day is Important

  1. It revives traditions

    The day is important for those residing in the state as it helps in reminding people of the traditions that once existed in the region.

  2. It celebrates the state day

    It’s a celebration of a day that was monumental for all the residents. Hence, giving an ode to the declaration that changed history is a must.

  3. It revives history

    Since the day is celebrated every year, it gives the younger generation a lesson on history and the importance of freedom.

Mizoram State Day dates

YearDateDay
2022February 20Sunday
2023February 20Monday
2024February 20Tuesday
2025February 20Thursday
2026February 20Friday

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