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World Press Freedom Day – May 3, 2023

World Press Freedom Day is annually observed on May 3. It is a day to recognize the important service provided by press professionals. It is commemorated by the United Nations to observe the fundamental principles of press freedom around the world. By celebrating World Press Freedom Day, journalists and democracy advocates contribute to defending the freedom of speech, access to information, and the independence of the media, all of which suffer constant attack across the world. This day also honors the journalists who have been killed in the name of their profession. To observe this day let us encourage those who want to learn about becoming voice of others and find them resources for education.

History of World Press Freedom Day

Journalists are essential to bringing the facts, revealing the truth to the public, and maintaining awareness and transparency. Because they bother the powerful and enemies of democracy so much, journalists are frequent targets of attacks, and many are murdered. After a series of attacks on journalists during the African Civil Wars at the end of the 20th century, they decided to take action.

In 1991, a group of African journalists appealed at a UNESCO conference held in Namibia’s capital, Windhoek. They created the “Windhoek Declaration,” a document that intended to lay the foundation for a free, independent, and pluralist press. In 1993, the 26th session of the UNESCO General Conference responded to the call of the signatories of the Windhoek Declaration and founded World Press Freedom Day.

The central principle developed by UNESCO for the day is freedom of the press and of expression, to allow communication based on mutual understanding, which is the only way to build sustainable peace in contemporary societies. The observance serves as a reminder that even today, dozens of countries around the world censor, fine, suspend, and close publications that displease the powerful locals. Many persecute, attack, and even murder members of the press.

Each year, World Press Freedom Day has a specific theme, and in 2022, it is ‘Journalism Under Digital Siege.’

World Press Freedom Day timeline

1556
The Birth of the Modern Press

The first periodical, the monthly “Notizie Scritte,” is published in Venice.

19th Century
Technical and Demographic Changes

Powerful printing machinery, new and cheaper papermaking techniques, and an expansion of literacy, leads to the exponential growth of the press.

Mid-20th Century
Journalism Versus Political Propaganda

Journalism is severely attacked and subsumed by political propaganda committees, yet many journalists, intellectuals, and photographers manage to document the atrocities of the different wars and keep the world informed.

1991
The “Windhoek Declaration”

African journalists, covering the continent's various civil wars, gather in Namibia to establish the “Windhoek Declaration.”

1993
World Press Freedom Day

At the 26th General Conference of UNESCO, the World Day for the observance of freedom of the press is enacted.

World Press Freedom Day FAQs

What is the meaning of World Press Freedom Day?

It is an observance day that celebrates the fundamental principles of press freedom and pays tribute to journalists who lost their lives in the exercise of their profession.

Which country has topped world press freedom?

According to the latest assessment, the top-ranked countries on the Press Freedom Index are Norway, Finland, Sweden, Denmark, Costa Rica, the Netherlands, Jamaica, New Zealand, Ireland, Portugal, and Switzerland.

Why is press freedom important?

A free press helps maintain the balance of power in government. Several journalists around the world were killed while working towards the development of free and open societies.

How to Observe World Press Freedom Day

  1. Organize conventions to publicize the day

    The U.N. provides material for publicizing the event and for studies on the topic. Use these materials to organize meetings or promote discussions among friends, family, and co-workers on World Press Freedom Day.

  2. Learn to identify fake news

    Celebrate the work of journalists by verifying the facts. Gathering information and checking the facts is a practice that everyone should adopt.

  3. Remember those who changed history

    Recent history is full of deviations and transformations achieved through the press. Governments have fallen, wars have ended, and movements have risen because of their good work. Today, honor all those who gave their lives to bring the truth to the public and changed the course of history.

5 Important Facts About Press Freedom

  1. The Greeks value it most

    Nine out of 10 Greeks say it is very important for the media to be able to report the news without government censorship.

  2. In Lebanon, it has few defenders

    Only 28% of the Lebanese population think freedom of the press is very important.

  3. Populists hate press freedom

    In Western countries, only 35% of people with populist views find freedom of the press important.

  4. Scandinavia has the freest press

    Norway, Finland, and Sweden make up the top three countries in the freest press index.

  5. The imprisonment of journalists has grown

    The persecution and arbitrary arrest of journalists around the world are on the rise, with Turkey, China, and Egypt leading the race.

Why World Press Freedom Day is Important

  1. It strengthens democracy

    World Press Freedom Day helps to put pressure on countries that censor and persecute the press. It represents a major obstacle against authoritarianism.

  2. We value journalism as a public good

    Celebrate this day proudly. It shows the value we place on the public service provided by ethical journalists committed to the truth.

  3. It honors the memory of the dead

    World Press Freedom Day is important because it reminds us of those who gave their lives to keep the population informed. It honors their memory and ensures their sacrifice is not in vain.

World Press Freedom Day dates

YearDateDay
2023May 3Wednesday
2024May 3Friday
2025May 3Saturday
2026May 3Sunday
2027May 3Monday

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