International Day of Banks – December 4, 2022

International Day of Banks is on December 4, and it is annually commemorated all over the world to acknowledge the role of banks in providing people with important information for their financial security. Apart from their commonly understood role of providing financial support to individuals, banks also serve their communities in diverse ways. The International Day of Banks was adopted by the U.N. General Assembly as a way to draw attention to the role that international development banks can play in supporting sustainable development. Banks support the international community’s goals by financing the sustainable development of member nations and providing information for achieving these goals.

History of International Day of Banks

International Day of Banks was instituted by the United Nations General Assembly to acknowledge the importance of banks and the role they play in the financial stability and development of their communities. Banks are financial institutions. They accept money from the public in the form of savings or current deposits, which they lend to others who need it and can provide some collateral. The concept of banking began with the simple implementation of credit in the barter system with the use of collateral.

During the Renaissance, the wealthy Italian families set up institutions that became the basis of modern-day banking, and these spread across Europe. Before banknotes existed, merchants would store their gold with bankers until banks became further entrenched in the finances of their communities. Today, banks perform many functions on behalf of their clients, like personal, corporate, investment, transaction, insurance, consumer finance, and trade finance.

Development banks do not accept deposits from the public, but they give credit and direct governmental investments by offering financial support to private and public institutions. The primary objective of development banks is to serve the overall public interest rather than make a profit. The UN recognizes the important role of development banks in contributing to the financial wellbeing and overall development of a region, and so the organization instituted the International Day of Banks.

International Day of Banks timeline

1400s
The Promissory Note

With the rise of the use of collateral comes the promissory note, a written promise to pay a specified amount of money at a future date.

1472
Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena

B.M.P.S. is first established as a mount of piety in Italy.

1624
The Oldest Existing Retail Bank

B.M.P.S. is reestablished in its modern form as an Italian bank that still exists today.

1695
Banknotes Are Introduced

The Bank of England is the first to introduce permanent issue banknotes, evolving from the promissory notes that were payable on demand.

2005
Development Bank Commitments

The total commitment of equity, guarantees, and debt securities, to development banks, reaches USD 45 billion.

2019
International Day of Banks

The International Day of Banks is instituted by the General Assembly of the U.N. to acknowledge the important role of development banks in contributing to sustainable development.

International Day of Banks FAQs

What are the main functions of development banks?

Development banks finance projects that will help the economic growth of developing regions. They provide long-term financing by tapping into new funding sources and leveraging additional resources, private and public.

What is a bank person called?

An employee of a bank may be called a banker or bank teller. They could also be a treasurer, accountant, bursar, bookkeeper, or bank clerk, depending on their functions.

What is a group of banks called?

A group of banks is called a consortium. A consortium of banks more specifically refers to several institutions coming together to finance a single borrower. A similar term is group banking which is the control a company has over two or more financial institutions.

How to Observe International Day of Banks

  1. Read up about development banks

    Development banks don’t accept deposits, but they support private and public institutions with their financial goals. Read up on them because someday, you might need one.

  2. Make information packets

    Spread the word about development banks and their work. Your community could take advantage of the services they offer.

  3. Organize a conversation

    Work with your community leaders and local development bank to organize a conversation about financial tools. This is a great way to share the information and resources development banks have.

5 Facts About Banks That Will Surprise You

  1. Ancient Assyria and Babylon

    Merchants would offer loans of grain against collateral in ancient Assyria, likely the beginning of early banking.

  2. The famous Medici bank

    One of the most famous banks was set up as early as 1397 in Italy.

  3. ‘Bank’ was derived from ‘table’ in Italian

    Benches and tables, called ‘banc’ in old high German and ‘banca’ in old Italian, were used as exchange counters by the early Italian bankers, and soon came to refer to the transaction itself.

  4. The U.S. has the most banks

    America has the most banks in the world in terms of the total number of institutions and branches.

  5. Contributing to Climate Finance

    The U.N. has stipulated that development banks will collectively contribute about $100 billion toward climate financing.

Why International Day of Banks is Important

  1. We respect development banks

    Development banks play an important role in developing communities and helping them become financially independent. We respect the work they do and look forward to celebrating them.

  2. We want to learn more

    Banks contribute to the financial health of the country in many ways. It is important to learn more about the role banks play in our lives and communities.

  3. It raises awareness

    Everyone should be more informed about the financial tools they can access. Development banks have this information, and we want to make sure it gets where it needs to.

International Day of Banks dates

YearDateDay
2022December 4Sunday
2023December 4Monday
2024December 4Wednesday
2025December 4Thursday
2026December 4Friday

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