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Independence of Guayaquil – October 9, 2023

Ecuador celebrates the Independence of Guayaquil, a national holiday, on October 9 to commemorate Ecuador’s liberation from Spanish rule in 1822. When October 9 falls on a weekend, the holiday is typically observed the following weekday. Guayaquil, Ecuador’s main city and economic center, goes all out to commemorate Ecuador’s independence day, known as “Independencia de Guayaquil” in the local dialect. Independence Day celebrations in most cities include anything from musical concerts and fireworks displays to cultural events and parades. For these independence ceremonies, important historical landmarks are used as host locations. Since Guayaquil is perfectly situated on the western bank of the Guayas River, the city readily hosts visitors and tourists who come to join in the celebration.

History of Independence of Guayaquil

On August 10, 1809, Quito launched its first attempt to shake off the chains of Spanish colonialism with the “First Cry of Independence,” but it wasn’t until 1814 that the fight for liberation in Guayaquil began to gain momentum. Guayaquil residents awoke on October 9, 1820 morning to admire the city’s newly hoisted independent white-sky blue flag after the city declared its independence. As a result, Guayaquil, a coastal port, became the first city in Ecuador to declare independence from Spain.

The accomplishment of Guayaquil’s freedom sparked additional agitation in neighboring cities, which was shortly followed by Cuenca’s independence on November 3, 1820. The final fight, the Battle of Pichincha, was won by the troops of Marshal Melchor Aymerich on May 24, 1822, granting freedom to the rest of Ecuador.

Celebrations for Guayaquil’s independence are conducted on “9 de Octubre” street or around monuments commemorating the city’s independence. At the city’s coastline stands the La Rotonda monument, a statue depicting the two famous South American liberators holding hands and embracing each other.

Independence of Guayaquil timeline

1809
A Failed Revolution

The first attempt to overthrow Spanish Colonial Rule fails.

1814
Dawn of a New Revolution

José de Antepara, José Joaquín Olmedo and José de Villamil arrive in Guayaquil to sow the seeds of a new revolution.

1820
Independence at Last

The patriots in Guayaquil and the patriot rebels overthrow local Spanish authorities, seizing control of the city in the process.

1820
Cuenca Follows Suit

Cuenca joins Guayaquil as a free city after it gains its independence on November 3.

1822
Ecuador Gets Total Liberation

Simón Bolívar’s command defeats the Spanish army and independence is declared for the rest of Ecuador.

Independence of Guayaquil FAQs

What is Guayaquil known for?

It is known as “the Pearl of the Pacific” and is the most important coastal city in Ecuador.

What type of money is used in Ecuador?

Ecuador’s official currency is the United States Dollar.

Do they speak English in Ecuador?

Although Spanish is the official language in Ecuador, English is spoken in major tourist centers.

Independence of Guayaquil Activities

  1. Visit Guayaquil

    During Independence of Guayaquil celebrations, travel to the city and the country's greatest commercial hub to take part in the fun. Take in the diverse array of regional cuisine on display and the parades as they make their way across the city.

  2. Explore historical monuments

    Salado Estuary and Liberator's Monuments make Guayaquil a living remnant of Ecuador's history of freedom. Ecuador's largest commercial metropolis, Quito, is a popular destination for visitors during the country's independence festivities.

  3. Read about Ecuador

    Ecuadorians take their independence so seriously, therefore, there are three national festivals set out specifically to honor it. After Guayaquil obtained freedom on October 9, Cuenca followed suit on November 3, and Ecuador's final liberation on May 24, 1822, completes the country's hat-trick of independence holidays.

5 Interesting Facts About Ecuador

  1. Birthplace of the famous Panama hats

    Cuenca is where the traditional "Panama hats" come from.

  2. Home to reptiles

    Over 120 species of reptiles can be found in the Yasuní National Park in Ecuador.

  3. Over 14 different nationalities

    Ecuador has an indigenous population of roughly 1.1 million people, divided into 14 indigenous nationalities.

  4. The national dish is a soup

    Encebollado, a spicy soup accompanied by fried plantains, is commonly considered Ecuador's national cuisine.

  5. World banana supplier

    Ecuador is the world's leading producer and exporter of bananas.

Why We Love Independence of Guayaquil

  1. It brings tourists and locals together

    The exuberant activities on Independence Day continue to attract travelers from all over the world. Similarly, locals are always eager to engage and fascinate guests with stories of how their country gained independence.

  2. It’s a symbolic part of Ecuador’s history

    For Ecuador, Guanyaquil's revolution is responsible for the country's liberation from colonial rule. It’s a revolution that finally led to Ecuador being regarded as the cradle of Latin American independence.

  3. The festivities are very colorful

    During the independence celebrations, the city comes alive with custom-made outfits and outdoor musical concerts. You'll easily find something fascinating around every corner of Guayaquil, as locals beautify historical sites throughout the city.

Independence of Guayaquil dates

YearDateDay
2023October 9Monday
2024October 9Wednesday
2025October 9Thursday
2026October 9Friday
2027October 9Saturday

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