Ambedkar Jayanthi is celebrated annually on April 14 in India. The celebration pays tribute to the life of the renowned polymath, jurist, economist, and civil rights activist — Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar. He is fondly known as the “Father of the Indian Constitution,” and was instrumental in shaping the democratic structure of India. He was dedicated to educating the oppressed, improving their economic standing, and raising issues concerning economic and social discrimination against untouchables. Every year on April 14, his birthday is commemorated as Ambedkar Jayanti. Across the country, the day is also observed as Equality Day.
History of Ambedkar Jayanti
Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar was born on April 14, 1891, in India. He is considered the Father of the Indian constitution. His renouncement of Hinduism inspired the Dalit Buddhist movement. From 1947 to 1951, Ambedkar was the chairman of the Constitution of India drafting committee and the Minister of Law and Justice in Jawaharlal Nehru’s first cabinet.
In 1918, he was appointed as a Professor of Political Economy at the Sydenham College of Commerce and Economics in Mumbai. As of 1925, he had been appointed to the Bombay Presidency Committee to collaborate with the all-European Simon Commission. In this period, Ambedkar wrote a separate set of recommendations for India’s future constitution. By 1927, Ambedkar decided to launch active anti-untouchability campaigns. He started with public demonstrations and marches to increase access to public drinking water resources. He also started a fight for the right to enter Hindu temples.
After India gained its independence in October 1947, the new Congress-led government invited Ambedkar to serve as the country’s first Law Minister, which he accepted. On August 29, he was appointed Chairman of the Constitution Drafting Committee by the Assembly, and he was tasked with writing India’s new constitution. Throughout his life, Ambedkar advocated for equality, particularly for the underprivileged social classes and women. He incorporated his vision of equal rights for all into several constitutional laws. On April 14, 1928, activist Janardan Sadashiv Ranapisay publicly celebrated Ambedkar’s birthday in Pune. This day is now known as “Ambedkar Jayanti.”
Ambedkar Jayanti timeline
Ambedkar Jayanti becomes an official holiday throughout India.
To celebrate Ambedkar's 124th birthday, Google publishes a Doodle in his honor.
The United Nations Celebrate April 14, in honor of Ambedkar Jayanti.
Ambedkar Jayanti is celebrated globally for the first time online.
The Government of British Columbia observes April 14 as Dr. B. R. Ambedkar Equality Day.
Ambedkar Jayanti FAQs
Which is the biggest Jayanti in the world?
Ambedkar Jayanti is the biggest annual Jayanti festival.
How many degrees does Ambedkar have?
Excluding his two master’s degrees and Bar-at-Law, Ambedkar had four doctoral degrees.
At what age did Ambedkar die?
Ambedkar died at 65 years of age in 1956.
How to Observe Ambedkar Jayanti
Join in the observation by sharing on social media. Take advantage of the Twitter emoji created in honor of Ambedkar Jayanti.
Play a selection of Dr. Ambedkar's songs
Celebrations for Ambedkar Jayanti would be incomplete without some music! So make a playlist centered on Dr. Ambedkar's favorite songs,
Host a movie night
Watch the Babasahed Ambedkar movie by Jabbar Patel. Invite your family and friends over to cap off the celebration.
5 Interesting Facts About Ambedkar Jayanti
First double doctorate holder
Ambedkar is the first Ph.D. in Economics and double doctorate holder in Economics in South Asia.
Reserve Bank of India
He aided in the establishment of the Reserve Bank of India.
Reduced work hours
He reduced the working hours from 12 hours to eight hours in India.
Ambedkar’s 20-page autobiography on “Waiting for a Visa” is used as a textbook at Columbia University.
London museum statue
Ambedkar's statue is the only Indian statue put alongside Karl Marx in the London Museum.
Why Ambedkar Jayanti is Important
He fought for equality
Throughout his life, Ambedkar fought for equality for women and the underprivileged. We think that this is amazing and should be celebrated!
He was a social reformer
Ambedkar was sensitive to the condition of Dalits, who were ostracized from society. He led the Dalit Buddhist Movement in India.
He contributed to India’s development
He wrote the Constitution of India and contributed to the formation of the Reserve Bank of India. His contributions are still useful in present-day India.
Ambedkar Jayanti dates