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St. Stephen's Day (Ireland) – December 26, 2022

St. Stephen’s Day is celebrated on December 26 every year. As the name suggests, the day is dedicated to the Christian Saint Stephen. This day commemorates the saint who was the first Christian martyr and was known for his service to the poor and needy. In Ireland, this day is sometimes called ‘Day of the Wren,’ which got its name from an old tradition involving using a wren’s feathers for good luck. St. Stephen’s Day stems from the Catholic tradition, and some Christians may even go to the church for a special sermon on this day.

History of St. Stephen's Day (Ireland)

St. Stephen is known to be the first Christian martyr. It’s believed he was stoned in Jerusalem around 33 A.D. According to an Irish myth, it was a wren that betrayed St. Stephen while he was hiding from his enemies. This led to his eventual demise. There is another Irish legend that talks about the wren’s betrayal. Around the year 750 A.D., there were Viking raids in Ireland that happened on St. Stephen’s Day. In an attempt to get rid of the invaders, Irish soldiers headed towards a Viking camp. However, the Viking soldiers became aware of their approach due to the noise of a wren that had started eating crumbs from a drum. This story also led people to believe that it was the wren that betrayed the Irish people and it should be stoned to death as St. Stephen had once been.

On this day, boys used to traditionally go on hunting trips to hunt down a wren by throwing stones at it. They tied the wren to a stick when it was dead and showed it off around the whole village. The children did this to collect money for a dance or party for the whole village. By 1900, this tradition of killing wrens and parading them on St. Stephen’s Day had died out. However, St. Stephen’s Day is still referred to as the Day of the Wren, especially in rural Ireland. Due to its Catholic roots, St. Stephen’s Day has been a holiday in Ireland for many years. It was only in 1871 that it became a public holiday after the Bank Holidays Act of 1871 was passed.

St. Stephen's Day (Ireland) timeline

Around 33 A.D.
St. Stephen is Stoned to Death

According to an Irish myth, a wren betrays St. Stephen while he is hiding from his enemies, leading to his eventual demise.

750 A.D.
Viking Raids on Ireland

Another Irish myth tells the story of Irish soldiers being caught by Viking intruders due to the actions of a wren on St. Stephen’s Day.

1871
St. Stephen’s Day Becomes a Public Holiday

St. Stephen’s Day becomes a public holiday after the Bank Holidays Act is passed.

1900
Ritual Wren Hunting Stops

The tradition of killing wrens and parading them on St. Stephen's Day comes to an end.

St. Stephen's Day (Ireland) FAQs

What do Italians do on St. Stephen's day?

On this day, many Italians visit the Nativity scenes at their churches. They also go to markets, carnivals and festivals. 

What is the most celebrated holiday in Ireland?

St. Patrick’s Day is the most popular Irish holiday. It commemorates Saint Patrick and the arrival of Christianity in Ireland.

Is St. Stephen’s Day a public holiday?

Yes, it is a public holiday. All banks, government offices, and public institutions remain closed on this day. 

How To Observe St. Stephen’s Day

  1. Spend the day with your family

    There’s nothing like taking the day off to spend some quality time with those nearest and dearest to you. These moments don’t come by all too often so make the most of them!

  2. Attend a church service

    Get in touch with your Christian roots this St. Stephen’s Day. Attend a special church service at your local neighborhood church and take a moment to pray.

  3. Donate to charity

    Follow the example of the saint himself and use this opportunity to care for the poor and needy. Find a local charity and donate to support them!

5 Facts About St. Stephen’s Day

  1. It is also known as ‘Boxing Day’

    Known as Boxing Day in the United Kingdom, small gifts are given to household servants for their work throughout the year.

  2. Hungary once renamed it ‘Constitution Day’

    In 1949, Hungary’s communist regime announced a new constitution on St. Stephen’s Day, thus renaming it Constitution Day for a short while.

  3. Budapest carries out public processions

    A ritual on this day involves carrying the case containing the remains of St. Stephen’s right hand in parades throughout the streets of Budapest.

  4. Stephen is a patron saint

    Stephen is known to be the patron saint of deacons and stonemasons.

  5. Stephen is a Greek name

    The name Stephen is Greek, and it is believed that he was a Hellenist, i.e. a foreign-born Jew who spoke Greek.

Why St. Stephen’s Day is Important

  1. We learn to value what we have

    This day is a much-needed reminder for us to count our blessings. It helps us to be grateful for what we have.

  2. We get to reflect and introspect

    This day helps us take a break from the hustle and bustle of everyday life. It is important to self-evaluate our lives and pause to meditate.

  3. It’s a chance to give back to the community

    It’s not only a saint that can care for the poor and needy, we all can too. This day serves as a clarion call for those who are willing to lend a helping hand.

St. Stephen's Day (Ireland) dates

YearDateDay
2022December 26Monday
2023December 26Tuesday
2024December 26Thursday
2025December 26Friday
2026December 26Saturday

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