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Micronesia Constitution Day – May 10, 2025

Micronesia Constitution Day is observed on May 10 every year, and we are giving you the low-down on everything from their country to their cuisine and, yep, you guessed it — their constitution. This relatively small country comprises over 600 islands, boasts four regional languages, has over nine ethnic groups, and has a population of 104,468. But we are here to commemorate the adoption of their constitution, which took place in 1979, the same year the U.S. Voyager One space probe produced photos revealing the rings around Jupiter for the first time.

History of Micronesia Constitution Day

Micronesia, also known as the Federated States of Micronesia, is an Oceanian island country consisting of four states spread across the western Pacific, from west to east; Yap, Chuuk, Pohnpei, and Kosrae. The states have a total of 607 islands — that’s over 600 islands belonging to a single country. They’re also known for having one of the most diverse and unique constitutions globally.

Following its preparation in June 1975, its constitution — known as the highest legislation of the Federated States of Micronesia — was used for the first time in May 1979. It was ratified on October 1, 1978, and implemented on May 10, 1979, which became Micronesia Constitution Day. Their constitution is based on Micronesia’s former trustee, the United States. Still, unlike the United States, it has a unicameral legislature — a type of legislature composed of a single house or assembly that legislates and votes as one.

Their particular unicameral legislature is known as the national congress, which boasts 14 senators. Four of them serve four-year terms representing the four states, while the other 10 are apportioned by population and serve two-year terms. Furthermore, the National Congress is in charge of electing the President and Vice President. On the anniversary of the adoption of its constitution, Micronesia celebrates it with a national holiday.

Micronesia Constitution Day timeline

From Spain, With Love

Spain establishes the town of Santiago de la Ascensión, known today as Kolonia, on the island of Pohnpei.

Spain is Out, Germany is In

Following their defeat in the Spanish–American War, the Spanish sell the archipelago to Germany under the German–Spanish Treaty.

An Independent State

Micronesia gains its independence from the United States following its newly found and active constitution.

Literature Revelation

Emelihter Kihleng publishes her collection of poems and becomes the first Micronesian to do so in English.

The First Woman

Dr. Perpetua Konman becomes the first female senator in the Congress of the Federated States of Micronesia.

Micronesia Constitution Day FAQs

Is Micronesia part of the U.S.?

Except for the United States Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, and Wake Island, most of Micronesia is now an independent state.

Is Micronesia a poor country?

The lush beauty of the tropical island group of Micronesia suggests a paradise of plenty, but the Federated States of Micronesia is still an emerging nation. One in every five people lives on less than $2 per day.

What is life like in Micronesia?

The Federated States of Micronesia, a peaceful and relaxed nation made up of four separate islands — Chuuk, Yap, Pohnpei, and Kosrae — has low crime and tax rates and a steadily growing tourism industry, making Micronesia a desirable destination for ex-pats.

Micronesia Constitution Day Activities

  1. Book a trip to Micronesia

    Micronesia has over 600 islands within its borders, so there is plenty of room for adventure, discovery, and education around their country, people, unique traditions, and food. If you’re planning on traveling soon, add Micronesia to your list. You are bound to have the experience of a lifetime and will see many beautiful beaches and the memories will remain with you for the rest of your life.

  2. Learn more about Micronesia’s unique history

    As with many other countries and territories, Micronesia has a vibrant and layered history, with unique cultures and traditions. Source some literature on the country and the people and find multimedia tools that will help illustrate the story of Micronesia in a way that you can also share with your friends and loved ones. It’s a beautiful country, and it deserves to be known worldwide.

  3. Celebrate your country’s constitution

    If you can’t make your way to Micronesia by the time we celebrate Micronesia Constitution Day, then commemorate the constitution of your own country. This is a fun way to discover the story behind the laws and legislature of your home country, which is something you may not have done if it were not for this special day. Learning more about your own country is a great way to appreciate it for its strengths.

5 Interesting Facts About Micronesia

  1. Typhoons are common in the area

    Numerous strong typhoons have struck Micronesia, including Typhoons Chataan in 2002 and Sudal in 2004, both of which significantly damaged the island of Yap's infrastructure.

  2. Their flag represents their states and the ocean

    The flag of Micronesia is composed of four white stars representing the four states, centered on a blue background representing the Pacific Ocean.

  3. It boasts one of the world’s oldest humanitarian airlifts

    It’s home to the world's longest-running humanitarian airlift, Operation Christmas Drop, a yearly military training mission transporting Christmas gifts and humanitarian aid to Micronesia since 1952.

  4. Micronesia still works with the United States

    As a former U.S. territory, the United States provides aid and is responsible for Micronesia's defense in exchange for military bases.

  5. The land is historic

    In Micronesia's Truk Lagoon, there are more than 60 wrecks of Japanese warships that were sunken by American forces in 1944.

Why We Love Micronesia Constitution Day

  1. It brings global awareness to Micronesia

    Micronesia is not usually at the top of the list for tourists when booking their next trip or an upcoming holiday away with the family, but the truth is it should be. A nation can generate cash and achieve some international renown through tourism. Micronesians and the nation of Micronesia are both honored on Micronesia Constitution Day.

  2. A constitution is necessary and should be honored

    For every single country in the world, a constitution is of vital importance. It is a collection of fundamental principles or established precedents that serve as the legal foundation of a government, without which a country cannot operate functionally and lawfully. And through celebrating the constitution of Micronesia, we are also honoring their independence from the United States.

  3. It allows locals to feel pride and patriotic

    Every year, when the people of Micronesia can celebrate and commemorate their constitution, which goes hand in hand with their independence, they sing songs, cook traditional food, come together as communities, and feed and support their neighbors. They want to celebrate their nation and all it offers because they are pleased to be Micronesians.

Micronesia Constitution Day dates

2025May 10Saturday
2026May 10Sunday
2027May 10Monday
2028May 10Wednesday
2029May 10Thursday

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