National Flag Day in Romania is celebrated on June 26 every year. The national day was established in 1998. According to the Constitution of Romania, “the flag of Romania is tricolor; the colors are arranged vertically in the following order from the flagpole: blue, yellow, red.” The history of Romania’s national flag can be traced back to 1821, during the Wallachian uprising, when all three colors were featured on the canvas of the revolutionary flag.
History of Flag Day of Romania
National Flag Day in Romania was established in 1998. According to the Constitution of Romania, “the flag of Romania is tricolor; the colors are arranged vertically in the following order from the flagpole: blue, yellow, red.” Law no. 75 of July 16, 1994, published in Monitorul Oficial no. 237 of August 26, 1994, specifically provides for flag colors, proportions, protocols, and specific shades, which are cobalt blue, chrome yellow, and vermillion red.
The history of Romania’s national flag can be traced back to 1821, during the Wallachian uprising when all three colors were featured on the canvas of the revolutionary flag. However, it wasn’t until 1834 that the tricolor was adopted in Wallachia — a historical former independent principality in Romania — by domnitor Alexandru II Ghica, who submitted designs for its approval by Sultan Mahmud II. At this time, the flag was red, blue, and yellow, with stars and a bird’s face at the center. In 1848, the revolutionaries once again adopted a blue, yellow, and red horizontal tricolor for Wallachia. Each color had a meaning attributed to it: sky blue representing liberty, field yellow symbolizing justice, and blood-red symbolizing fraternity.
Between 1859 and 1866, the United Principalities of Wallachia and Moldavia used the red, yellow, and blue horizontal tricolor. However, in 1867, the flag was modified; the colors were arranged vertically and the country’s coat of arms was placed at the center. When Romania was declared a socialist people’s republic on December 30, 1947, kingdom symbols were outlawed, and the coat of arms was replaced with the country’s emblem. In 1989, Decree-Law no. 2 of December 27, 1989, provided that “the national flag is the traditional tricolor of Romania, with the colors laid out vertically, in the following order, starting from the flagpole: blue, yellow, red.”
Flag Day of Romania timeline
The tricolor flag is first adopted during the Wallachian uprising.
The colors of the Romanian flag are positioned vertically instead of horizontally.
After the two-year Russo-Turkish War, and through the Treaty of Berlin, Romania finally gains independence from the Ottoman Empire.
National Flag Day in Romania is established.
Flag Day of Romania FAQs
Who is the president of Romania?
The current president of Romania is Klaus Iohannis.
What type of government does Romania have?
Romania operates a unitary, semi-presidential republic.
What currency does Romania use?
Romania’s currency is the Romanian Leu (RON).
Flag Day of Romania Activities
Post the flag
Several pictures of Romania's flag are available online. Post a picture to show solidarity with all Romanians.
Discover more about the country
Romania is a beautiful and interesting country. Learn all you can about the nation, and discover the rich and fascinating facts.
Celebrate by learning a new word in Romanian. Learn how to say ‘hello’ or "good morning."
5 Cool Facts About Romania
Romania is derived from 'romanus'
The word 'Romania' is derived from the Latin 'romanus,' which means "citizen of the Roman Empire."
Romania's mass transit network is large
The mass transit network in Bucharest is the fourth-largest in all of Europe.
A Romanian set an Olympic record
A Romanian gymnast called Nadia Comaneci was the first person to get a perfect score at the Olympic Games.
The earliest fossils in Europe
The first Homo sapiens fossils in Europe were found in a southwestern region of Romania.
The Black Church of Brasov
The Black Church of Brasov in Romania is the largest Eastern European Gothic church.
Why We Love Flag Day of Romania
Flags are symbols of identity
Think of the last time you spotted your national flag. You probably felt a sense of belonging just by seeing it. That's the power and importance of the symbol.
Flags are a symbol of pride
Flags promote national pride and consciousness. They are a banner of love and affection for one's nation.
Flags are meaningful
Many countries spend endless resources designing their flags because they hope to pass across a message for posterity. Colors and signs are often chosen based on the values the country represents.
Flag Day of Romania dates