Constitution Day of Uzbekistan is celebrated on December 8 to mark the anniversary of the adaptation of Uzbekistan’s constitution. Soon after its liberation from the Soviet Union, the Republic of Uzbekistan ushered into a new era of democratic sovereignty. There was a division of powers and the adaptation of a new constitution. The day is a public, non-working holiday in the country. Marches are held in schools and government offices, and the proud Uzbeks come together to renew their commitment to the law of the land.
History of Constitution Day of Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan, a double landlocked country at the heart of Central Asia, is home to some of the oldest inhabited cities of the world, including Samarkand and Bukhara. The rich culture and historical landmarks are a point of attraction for the entire world. We celebrate Uzbekistan Constitution Day to honor a young nation and its constitution.
Uzbekistan’s struggle for independence began in the late 1980s when the Soviet Union’s overreach created an unsustainable governance model throughout the country. The decisions of Uzbek party leader, Sharaf Rashidov, resulted in a wave of resentment that Gorbachev could not extinguish. Multiple coups and insurgent operations were carried out within months. Along with the political turmoil, the constant suppression of Islamic traditions united the upper and lower class families of the nation. Resistance against the Soviet policies began brewing in all corners of the country.
After a decade of internal tensions and sustained violent clashes, ethnic Uzbek leader, Islam Karimov, was appointed as Communist Party Chief. He later became the first president of the newly formed Republic of Uzbekistan.
On August 31, 1991, Uzbekistan gained independence from the Soviet Union. A year later, on December 8, 1992, the country adopted a new constitution that reflected the values of a transforming republic. The six chapters of Uzbekistan’s constitution outline the fundamental rights, duties, and principles of the citizens.
Uzbekistan’s Constitution Day is a public holiday in the country and is celebrated with great pride and joy. The president of the republic issues pardons to convicts and blesses them with a gift of new beginnings.
Constitution Day of Uzbekistan timeline
Uzbekistan joins the Russian Empire and becomes Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic.
Stalin’s death results in the pluralistic ruling of the republic and many Uzbek leaders rise to prominence.
Moscow purges the entire leadership of the Uzbek Party, reigniting the sense of nationalism among the Uzbeks.
Uzbekistan declares sovereignty, adopts a new constitution, and designates December 8 as Uzbekistan Constitution Day.
Constitution Day of Uzbekistan FAQs
What is the currency of Uzbekistan?
Uzbekistani soʻm is the official currency and sole legal tender of Uzbekistan. You can get U.S. dollar bills exchanged at local shops for petty purchases.
When is the best time to visit Uzbekistan?
To enjoy balanced weather, the months of April and May, and the weeks between September to November are some of the best times to visit Uzbekistan.
Is Uzbekistan a safe place for travel?
Uzbekistan is one of the safest countries for foreign travelers in Central Asia. Being a police-controlled state, there is prevalent law and order in larger cities.
How to Observe Constitution Day of Uzbekistan
Prepare an Uzbeki feast
There is no better language of love than food. Uzbeki cuisine represents the best of Central Asia. Invite your friends over and raise a toast to the liberation of this young nation over steaming bowls of plov (pilaf) and spicy meat skewers.
Recite Uzbekistan’s state anthem
Uzbekistan’s state anthem has been subjected to many changes in the last century. The latest rendition is a beautiful recitation of the promise of independence and sovereignty of the Uzbeks. Pay the ultimate respect to the shining republic of Central Asia by reciting a couple of lines.
Plan a trip to Uzbekistan
Tourism is becoming an increasingly important sector of Uzbekistan’s economy. The beautiful mausoleum, centuries-old mosques, the Ark Citadel, and Khazarti Imam make for an unmatched travel experience. This holiday season, celebrate the country’s independence by planning a visit.
5 Unique Cultural Observations About Uzbekistan You Must Know Before Visiting
No disrespect to the bread
The regional bread, Lepioshka, must be treated with the utmost regard — it must never be laid upside down, and it must never be placed on the ground.
Handshakes are for men only
Only two men can use handshakes as a form of greeting; women must place their right hand on their chest and bow to greet others.
Say no to drugs and gambling
Gambling, drinking, and drugs are forbidden in the great republic of Uzbekistan for people below the age of 20.
You are welcome to take souvenirs from Uzbekistan, but buying antiques that are more than 50 years old is forbidden.
Guest of honor, straight to the corner
Main guests are seated farther away from the entrance of the house as a sign of courtesy and welcome.
Why Constitution Day of Uzbekistan is Important
It marks an important day in history
Uzbekistan’s liberation came as one of the final blows to the mighty Soviet empire. After losing more than 250,000 people to World War II, the grieving citizens of the republic rejected the joint rule and embarked on a path of self-determination. On December 8, we celebrate the potent triumph of the Uzbeks.
It is a celebration of sovereignty
Uzbekistan’s adoption of a secular constitution represents its commitment to religious freedom, which was heavily repressed in the Soviet era. Although the majority of Uzbeks follow Islam, the country honors the freedom of expression and a diverse approach to faiths of all kinds.
It highlights a glorious past
The liberation from the Soviet Union allowed the people of Uzbekistan to embrace their rich history and culture, which goes back to the late Paleolithic Era. Uzbekistan’s constitution and its transition into a free republic have granted Uzbeks the freedom of expression to appreciate the uniqueness of their country.
Constitution Day of Uzbekistan dates