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June14–16

Raja Sankranti – June 14-16, 2023

Raja Parba, held from June 14 until June 16, is an Indian cultural holiday that celebrates womanhood. The first day is called ‘Pahili Raja,’ the second day is called ‘Mithuna Sankranti,’ and the third day is ‘Bhudaaha’ or ‘Basi Raja.’ To commemorate the final day of the celebration, women bathe Bhumi, an ancient Indian goddess — symbolized during this ceremony by a grinding stone — with turmeric paste and flowers, and ‘sindoor.’ The women celebrating also make offers of all types of seasonal fruits to mother Bhumi. The day preceding the first day of Raja Sankranti is called ‘Sajabaja’ or preparatory day during which the entire environment including the house, kitchen, and grinding stones are cleaned, and spices are ground for three days. During the celebrations, women take a break from work and wear new saree and ornaments.

History of Raja Sankranti

Raja Parba, also known as Mithuna Sankranti, is one of the most popular festivals in the state of Odisha. It is dedicated to Bhuma Devi, the consort of Lord Vishnu, and it is a series of ceremonies celebrating womanhood. The state of Odisha, which is India’s Eastern coastal state, is renowned for its rich heritage and culture. The people of Odisha engage in widely known customary rites but two of the best-known of these rites are the Ratha Yatra, which also takes place in June, and Raja Parba.

Raja Parba is a three-day-long festival dedicated to Bhuma Devi, the Indian goddess who can be described as the Odia version of “Mother Earth.” The main aim of the festival is to honor Mother Bhuma as well as womanhood at large. The story behind the Raja festival is that the goddess of the Earth (Bhuma Devi), around whom much of the festival is centered, is said to undergo her menstrual cycle during this period (June). The word ‘Raja’ is the Odia word for ‘menstruation,’ derived from ‘Rajaswala,’ which is interpreted to mean ‘a menstruating woman.’

Raja Praba is a festival that celebrates the peculiarity of menstruation as an aspect of womanhood. Menstruation is considered a sign of fertility, and so Raja celebrates femininity and the ability of women to give birth to another life. During the Raja Parba, Odia people lay off all construction works or other activities which involve digging up the earth. It is believed that in doing this, they pay homage and respect to Mother Earth.

Raja Sankranti timeline

319 A.D.
Chandragupta I Assumes Power

Chandragupta I, who is the first of the Gupta Dynasty, which is pivotal to the civilization of India, assumes power in 319 A.D.

1680s
First Use of the Word ‘Menstruation’

The word ‘menstruation is first used to describe a woman’s monthly blood flow, in the 1680s, derived from Latin ‘menstruare.’

1936
State of Odisha is Created

The State of Odisha, which is home to the Raja Parba, is established in 1936.

1950
India Becomes a Republic

India becomes a Republic in 1950.

Raja Sankranti FAQs

What is Raja Parba?

Raja Parba is a three-day cultural festival of womanhood celebrated in Odisha, India.

What is another name for Raja Parba?

Raja Parba can also be referred to as Mithuna Sankranti. Raja Parba is the more widely used term for the festival.

When is Raja Parba?

Raja Parba is held for three days in the middle of June. It is held between June 14 and June 16 yearly.

How to Observe Raja Sankranti

  1. Take a break from work

    If you live and work in Odisha, India, this should not be a problem at all. Simply take a break from work and enjoy the festival.

  2. Try on new fashion items

    It is common for unmarried Odia girls to try out new fashion items during Raja Parba. You can do this too!

  3. Play indoor games

    Indoor games are another common feature for ladies and women during Raja Parba. This is great for bonding and learning.

5 Facts About Menstruation

  1. More than 400 periods in a lifetime

    The average woman is said to experience more than 400 periods (sometimes up to 450) in her lifetime.

  2. Menstruation could alter the vocal cords

    Research states that female reproductive hormones could slightly alter vocal cords.

  3. There is a Disney movie about menstruation

    There is a 1946 movie by Walt Disney titled “The Story of Menstruation,” which was created as a way of preparing young girls for what lay ahead.

  4. Nightlights can regulate a cycle

    Experts theorize that sleeping with nightlights on can help a woman regulate her cycle better.

  5. Orgasms relieve cramps

    Medical research has been able to draw a correlation between orgasms and the relief of menstrual cramps.

Why Raja Sankranti is Important

  1. It’s an opportunity to relax

    Raja Parba provides the women who celebrate it with a period of rest all through the duration of the festival. It's always good to take some time off.

  2. It’s a celebration of womanhood

    Raja Parba is a celebration of womanhood. There is no doubt about the fact that womanhood in itself is worth celebrating!

  3. Environmental sanitation

    Raja Parba requires women to clean their surroundings. It is important to be in a pristine environment for the duration of the festival.

Raja Sankranti dates

YearDateDay
2023June 14Wednesday
2024June 14Friday
2025June 14Saturday
2026June 14Sunday
2027June 14Monday

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