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Founding of Asuncion in Paraguay – August 15, 2023

The Founding of Asuncion in Paraguay is celebrated on August 15 every year. As this day is a public holiday, most government and business offices are closed. The holiday is dedicated to founding the capital of Paraguay, Nuestra Senora Santa Maria de la Asunción. This city is beautiful and unique with a long history. People love to walk through the large local parks and admire the flowering trees.

On this occasion, parades, festivities, and concerts are held in Paraguay. People in Paraguay are accustomed to a merry celebration of the Founding of Asuncion. This beautiful holiday is not to be missed.

History of Founding of Asuncion in Paraguay

Asuncion is the capital and largest city of Paraguay in South America. The city stands on the east bank of the Paraguay River, almost at the confluence of the river with the Pilcomayo River. It is one of the oldest cities in South America and the longest permanently inhabited area in the Rio de la Plata Basin. For this reason, it is called “The Mother of the Cities.”

The Spanish conquistador Juan de Ayolas may have visited the site of the city for the first time on his way north, up the Paraguay River, looking for a passage to the mines of Alto Peru (modern-day Bolivia). Later, Juan de Salazar y Espinosa and Gonzalo de Mendoza went to look for Ayolas, but could not find him. Down the river, where Salazar stopped briefly in a bay on the left bank to replenish his ships, he met friendly natives and decided to establish a fort there in August 1537. He named it Nuestra Señora Santa María de la Asunción (Our Lady of the Assumption). In 1542, the natives destroyed Buenos Aires, and the Spaniards fled to Asuncion. Therefore, the city became the center of a large Spanish colonial province, which included parts of Brazil, modern Paraguay, and northeastern Argentina: the giant Province of the Indies.

Since Paraguay became independent, significant changes have taken place in Asuncion. During the reign of Gaspar Rodriguez de Francia, roads were built, and streets were named throughout the city. However, during the presidency of Carlos Antonio López, Asuncion (and Paraguay) saw further progress as the new president introduced new economic policies.

Founding of Asuncion in Paraguay timeline

1603
The First Synod of Asunción

Asuncion is designated as the residence of the First Synod of Asuncion, which establishes guidelines for the evangelization of the natives in their Guarani language.

1731
The First Uprising

The uprising, led by José de Antequera y Castro, is one of the first uprisings against Spanish colonial rule.

1811
The Independence of Paraguay

Paraguay’s independence is a direct consequence of the uprising of 1731

1871
The Tram

The tramway in Asuncion opens — it is initially horse-drawn.

Founding of Asuncion in Paraguay FAQs

When was Asuncion founded?

Asuncion was founded by the Spanish on August 15, 1537.

What does ‘Asuncion’ mean?

‘Asuncion’ means the “Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary.”

When was Paraguay founded?

Paraguay was founded on May 14, 1811.

Founding of Asuncion in Paraguay Activities

  1. Visit Asuncion

    Visit Asuncion to celebrate its founding. By visiting the city, you can immerse yourself in its atmosphere and feel its rhythm of life.

  2. Attend the parade

    Traditionally, people from Paraguay attend a local parade to celebrate the Founding of Asuncion. It is usually followed by outdoor concerts and various musical events.

  3. Share the story

    If you can’t go to Asuncion and join the festivities, celebrate with others on social media. Post a photo of the city and write an awesome greeting.

5 Facts About Paraguay That Will Blow Your Mind

  1. It has the second-longest river

    The Paraguay River flows through Bolivia, Argentina, Brazil, and Paraguay.

  2. It’s a bilingual nation

    Most people speak two languages: Guarani and Spanish.

  3. Duels are allowed

    Duels are still legal, but you must be a registered blood donor to participate.

  4. It has the world’s largest navy

    Although Paraguay does not have a coastline, this does not prevent it from having the largest navy of all landlocked countries.

  5. It’s home to over 1,000 bird species

    Bird lovers should go to Paraguay where more than 1,000 bird species reside.

Why We Love Founding of Asuncion in Paraguay

  1. It’s a significant holiday

    The capital is the heart and soul of the country. Its founding day, or birth, plays an important role in maintaining freedom and independence.

  2. It’s a reminder of history

    Asuncion residents should not forget the history of the creation of their city. Therefore, celebrating the day of its founding is the best way to remember historical events related to the city.

  3. A day to learn about the city

    Many people in the world are unaware of the existence of Asuncion. So, this holiday is a great opportunity to spread knowledge about this beautiful city among other countries.

Founding of Asuncion in Paraguay dates

YearDateDay
2023August 15Tuesday
2024August 15Thursday
2025August 15Friday
2026August 15Saturday
2027August 15Sunday

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