We are celebrating Peru’s Independence Day on July 28. It is a historic day for the people of Peru whereby they celebrate their hard-earned independence. Peru is the famous land of Machu Picchu, Colca Canyon, Rainbow Mountains, the Amazon jungle, etc. The day is also known as ‘Fiestas Patrias’ in Peru. This holiday is always celebrated on July 28 and marks the declaration of independence from Spain in 1821. People in Peru celebrate the day by listening to the speech of their president from Plaza De Armas, where he will be explaining the nation’s progress thus far.
History of Peru Independence Day
Peru is a South American nation situated on the north-eastern border of the continent. It is a land of numerous wonders and is known for its diversity of flora and fauna. The landscape itself is also diverse, ranging from arid plains in the Pacific to the sky-high peaks of the Andes. Most of the country is covered by the dense Amazon rainforest. The culture of the nation is especially famous as it is home to several ancient cultures. The nation has one of the longest civilizational histories of any nation. Peru is also known for its possession of nuclear weapons, the highest production of GDP, and the largest corporate chain in the world.
The name ‘Peru’ comes from a Quechua word meaning ‘land of abundance’. The name is a subtle nod to the economic wealth created by the Inca civilization during its peak. The human history of the nation started 15,000 years ago. The Norte Chico civilization, one of the six oldest civilizations in the world, originated in Peru. It is also the home of the rich and organized Inca Empire, the largest and most advanced state in pre-Columbian America.
Peru was colonized by the Spanish after they landed in 1531. The spread of smallpox by the Europeans, internal conflicts, treachery by the Spanish, etc., culminated at the end of the once-proud Inca Empire. But the Lima system, introduced by the Spaniards for the administration of Peru, started to lose its influence by the 19th century. General San Martin declared the independence of Peru on July 28, 1821. By 1826, the Spanish forces surrendered, resulting in the formation of the Republic of Peru.
Peru Independence Day timeline
Historical evidence of the earliest inhabitants of Peru surfaces.
Societies like the Chavín, the Moche, and the Nasca, emerge from the west coast of the nation.
Spain colonizes Peru in the 15th century.
Peru fully becomes independent following the decisive victory at the Battle of Ayacucho.
Peru Independence Day FAQs
How did Peru become a country?
Peru became an independent nation in 1821 after José de San Martín, an Argentine general, and his rebel army defeated the Spaniards.
Who colonized Peru?
The Spanish colonized Peru after it was discovered by Francisco Pizarro.
Who built Machu Picchu?
The Inca Empire built Machu Picchu.
How to Observe Peru Independence Day
Peru is a South American nation rich in biodiversity, culture, archeology, and landscapes. Visit the nation to experience its wonderful assets.
Attend the speech by the president
Peru Independence Day functions are simple, traditional, and informative. Try to be a part of the functions and learn from them as much as you can.
Write about Peru
Peru is a famous nation with a very rich history. Take this day to write about the nation, its people, culture, tradition, and history of some of our favorite places, like Machu Picchu.
5 Facts About Peru That You Should Know
The Inca citadel
The Inca citadel of Machu Picchu is situated on the high mountain ridge in the Eastern Cordillera of Peru.
Home of Nazca lines
Peru is the home of mysterious geoglyphs known as the Nazca lines, made in the soil of Peru’s Nazca Desert.
The highest navigable lake
The highest navigable lake in the world is Titicaca, located between Peru and Bolivia.
Origin of the Amazon river
The Amazon river originates in Peru.
Amazon rainforest in Peru
Nearly 60% of the area of Peru is covered by the dense Amazon rainforest.
Why Peru Independence Day is Important
Peru is a megadiverse nation
Peru is a megadiverse nation, and no one will doubt that, even for a second. The lush green forests and incredible landscape of the nation attract people from all over the world to behold the natural treasures of the nation.
A cultural treasure trove
Peru is also rich in culture and traditions. It is home to various ancient tribes and civilizations, like the Inca. The nation is also home to 13 UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
Freedom from across the border
The freedom struggle of Peru is a case of interest. The freedom fight started across the borders when Argentine general José de San Martín, along with others, decided to fight for it.
Peru Independence Day dates