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Martyrdom Day of Shaheed Udham Singh – July 31, 2023

We are observing the Martyrdom Day of Shaheed Udham Singh on July 31. It is a day to remember the history of the Jallianwala Bagh massacre and how the event changed the life of Shaheed Udham Singh. He is a historical figure from the pages of the Indian freedom struggle against colonial British rule. General Dyer was given the order to open fire on the crowd that had peacefully gathered to protest the arrest of pro-Indian independence leaders. Shaheed Udham Singh assassinated O’Dwyer, and he was hanged for murder in 1940. The day is observed every year to pay homage to the brave freedom fighters.

History of Martyrdom Day of Shaheed Udham Singh

Freedom to exist is one of the basic human rights. Every society has fought for freedom at least once. Political conquests make it difficult to live for those who are directly affected by them. India was once one of the richest countries in the world. But the nation fell from its zenith height to the dark depths of misery within a few years when European colonization reached the subcontinent. The internal conflict between the states made it easy for the conquest of the nation. Such conquests always exact a heavy toll on human casualties.

India under the rule of the British was not the economic powerhouse it used to be a few decades ago. Indians were not happy with this prospect, and the demand for freedom and self-governance became strong. When the demand for freedom is in the air, the efforts to suppress this demand will also increase. Jallianwala Bagh was a result of such an effort by the British. Reginald Dyer ordered soldiers to shoot at the peaceful crowd gathered around the Jallianwala Bagh to attend a religious festival and to protest the arrest of Dr. Saifuddin Kitchlew and Dr. Satya Pal. Soldiers obeyed the order and a massacre followed. Hundreds of helpless civilians died, and the brutality of the event caused ripples throughout the entire nation and even in Britain. The event became a cornerstone event for the freedom struggles of the nation against an Empire where it was said the sun never sets.

Shaheed Udham was a part of the crowd, and he escaped death narrowly. The sight of his countrymen dying around him helplessly tormented him for the rest of his life. He made it his mission to kill those who were responsible for the entire event, and he succeeded in 1940 when he assassinated Michael O’Dwyer. The life of Udham Singh ended in the same year when he was hanged for the assassination. But his life is immortalized in the minds of Indians who looked for retribution for the Amritsar event. He died with pride and fearlessness, and today we are celebrating his life and remembering the events that led him to his path.

Martyrdom Day of Shaheed Udham Singh timeline

December 26, 1899
The Birth Of Udham Singh

Udham Singh, an Indian revolutionary, is born in Sunam, Punjab.

April 13, 1919
The Jallianwala Bagh Massacre

Reginald Dyer orders soldiers to shoot at the peaceful crowd gathered around the Jallianwala Bagh.

March 13, 1940
Assassination Of Michael O'Dwyer

Udham Singh assassinated Michael O'Dwyer for the massacre.

July 31, 1940
Death Of Udham Singh

Central Criminal Court in Old Bailey orders to hand Udham Singh for murder.

Martyrdom Day of Shaheed Udham Singh FAQs

Is Udham Singh a friend of Bhagat Singh?

Yes, Udham Singh considered Bhagat Singh a close friend and a teacher.

Who is British General Dyer?

Reginald Edward Harry Dyer was a British general in India. He is especially infamous for his role in the Jallianwala Bagh massacre in India in 1919.

What was Udham Singh's real name?

Udham Singh was originally named Sher Singh after his birth in 1899.

How to Observe Martyrdom Day of Shaheed Udham Singh

  1. Read about Udham Singh

    Udham Singh is an important historical figure in the Indian freedom struggle. Read about his life and his mission.

  2. Watch “Jallianwala Bagh”

    There are a few movies with the life of Udham Singh as the subject. Watch them on his martyrdom day.

  3. Post about Udham Singh

    Create a social media post and a blog page explaining the life of Udham Singh. Share them through your social media pages.

5 Facts About Udham Singh That You Should Know

  1. Name in custody

    While in custody during his final days, Udham Singh called himself Ram Mohammad Singh Azad.

  2. Udham Singh Nagar

    Udham Singh Nagar in Uttarakhand is named after Udham Singh.

  3. Hunger strike in prison

    Udham Singh went on a 42-day hunger strike while imprisoned and was force-fed by the authorities.

  4. A revolutionist Ghadar party member

    Udham Singh was a member of the revolutionist Ghadar party.

  5. Sunam Udham Singh Wala

    The official name of his ancestral town, Sunam, was changed to "Sunam Udham Singh Wala."

Why Martyrdom Day of Shaheed Udham Singh is Important

  1. It’s an important event in the freedom struggle

    The life of Udham Singh and his revenge is a historical page from the Indian freedom struggle. The Jallianwala Bagh massacre became a cornerstone event that changed the outlook of the British in India.

  2. It’s recognition for freedom fighters

    This is a day to recognize the lives of freedom fighters. We love freedom and we love to respect those who fight for the freedom of a nation.

  3. Public attention

    We are going through a period where history is losing its importance. This day will attract interest and draw attention to the lives of those that impacted history.

Martyrdom Day of Shaheed Udham Singh dates

YearDateDay
2023July 31Monday
2024July 31Wednesday
2025July 31Thursday
2026July 31Friday
2027July 31Saturday

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