Eid is sometimes mistaken for a single holiday. In reality, Eid translates to any solemn Muslim holiday—and is most commonly used as shorthand for either Eid al-Fitr or Eid al-Adha.
Eid al-Fitr marks the end of Ramadan, and falls on the first month of Shawall; it is celebrated with a specific prayer, offered in a congregation in an field or large hall. Eid al-Adha is considered the holier of the Eids, and commemorates Abraham’s willingness to sacrifice his son in obedience to God’s will. The holiday is celebrated with an animal sacrifice, with the meat shared out between the poor, family, and neighbors. The holiday floats 11 days every year on the Gregorian calendar.