The Day of Arafah (or Arafat) occurs on the ninth day of the Islamic lunar month of Dhul Hijja. As a rule, this day is usually about 70 days after Ramadan has ended. The Day of Arafah is an important day for Muslims because it recognizes where Muhammad gave his “farewell address” as the end of his life was growing near. Each year, a large number of pilgrims gather in Mecca on Mount Arafat. In the United Arab Emirates, The Day of Arafah is considered a public holiday.
Day of Arafah timeline
- 571 AD
Birth of a prophet
It is believed that the prophet Muhammad was born in this year.
- 609 AD
Muslims believe that verbal recordings of the Quran starts.
- 632 AD
Muhammad's Farewell Address
The prophet Muhammad delivers his Farewell Sermon upon Mount Arafat.
The two kingdoms of the Hejaz and Nejd are united as the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA).
Muslim pilgrims, at dawn, make their way to a nearby hillside and plain called Mount Arafah to mark the day.
How to Observe Day of Arafah
Make a pilgrimage to Mount Arafat
Devout Muslims should consider making a pilgrimage to Mecca in order to partake in the religious events that occur on Mount Arafat each year during The Day of Arafah. Many find this pilgrimage a time of religious renewal.
Participate in a fast
The Day of Arafah is a time for fasting. Even if you're not Muslim, you might want to consider fasting on this day in order to connect with your own spiritual beliefs.
Ask someone for forgiveness
The Day of Arafah is a time to atone for sins. If there is someone in your life to whom you owe an apology, make it a point to reach out to them on this day to ask them for forgiveness.
5 Arafat Day Traditions
"Stoning the devil"
During Arafat Day, there is a tradition where pilgrims cast stones at a pillar as part of a "stoning the devil" ritual.
The annual pilgrimage that many Muslims take to Mecca each year is referred to as "Hajj."
Every Muslim who is physically and financially able must make a pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in his/her life.
Fasting does double duty
When a Muslim fasts on Arafat Day, it is believed that sins are absolved for both the past and upcoming years.
Which name is it?
Whether you refer to it as Arafat Day or Day of Arafah, both terms are acceptable.
Why Day of Arafah is Important
The Day of Arafah is a time to ask for forgiveness
For the Islamic people, The Day of Arafah offers a time to repent. For many, this day serves as a time of spiritual renewal and offers a great opportunity to connect closer with Allah.
It's a public holiday
The Day of Arafah occurs during a week full of holy Islamic celebrations. If you're in the United Arab Emirates, the Day of Arafat is usually considered a public holiday so many businesses are closed, and a great deal of people have the day off from work.
The Day of Arafah begins Eid al-Adha
The Day of Arafah ushers in the Islamic "Festival of Sacrifice," or "Eid al-Adha." It's celebrated by Muslims throughout the world, and recognizes Ibrahim's willingness to sacrifice his own son if it would have been pleasing to Allah.