C.P.C. Founding Day is marked on July 1 every year in China. The festivities are a vital part of China’s holiday culture. Celebrations include the broadcasting of an evening party on T.V. In addition, the State media airs films, documentaries, and TV series about the C.P.C. (Communist Party of China) to educate people about the holiday’s origins and to portray the vision of China’s future.
The holiday is the anniversary of two significant historical moments in China: the founding of the Chinese Communist Party (C.P.C.), and the anniversary of the transfer of sovereignty of Hong Kong.
History of CPC Founding Day
China is one of the world’s four ancient civilizations. The written history of this nation goes as far back as 3,000 years ago to the Shang Dynasty (c. 1600 to 1046 B.C.). But before that, the Xia Dynasty existed as the first dynasty of ancient China although no official written records of this dynasty survived.
During the Zhou dynasty era, the Confucianism philosophy emerged that focused on the importance of personal ethics and morality. It has morphed into one of the most influential belief systems in the history of China and is the foundation for much of Chinese culture.
After the victory of the 1917 October Socialist Revolution in the Soviet Union led by Lenin, Marxism found its way into China. Chinese intellectuals acknowledged Marxism as the true means of gaining victory in their revolution.
The May 4 Movement against imperialism and feudalism broke out in China in 1919. This movement stirred the Chinese people in an unprecedented way, and the working class emerged as an independent political force. A large number of revolutionary pro-Marxist intellectuals such as Li Dazhao, Chen Duxiu, and Mao Zedong formed communist groups across the country.
They aimed to promote Marxism and organize workers’ movements. This saw the integration of Marxism with the Chinese workers’ movements and eventually led to the establishment of the C.P.C.
In July 1921, communist organizations from different territories in China sent emissaries to Shanghai for the First Congress of the Chinese Communist Party. This meeting officially marked the establishment of the C.P.C.
Mao Zedong, the party leader, suggested July 1 as the anniversary of the birth of the C.P.C. As such, the holiday is typically referred to as the “Party’s Birthday.”
Under Mao, the Chinese Communist Party completed its land reform program, established a series of five-year plans, and eventually broke away from the Soviet Union.
CPC Founding Day timeline
The Central Politburo decrees the establishment of the party's official flag, featuring a hammer and sickle in the upper-left corner and no five-pointed star.
The C.P.C. forms China's first government.
Xi Jinping is elected as the leader of the C.P.C.
The C.P.C. holds its 19th National Congress in Beijing
CPC Founding Day FAQs
Is C.P.C. Founding Day a public holiday?
Despite the great significance of this day in China, July 1 is not designated a public holiday. Students and workers do not get the day off.
When was the C.P.C. formed?
The C.P.C. was founded in 1921 and held its first National Congress between July 23 and July 31 of the same year. 12 delegates attended the meeting.
Who founded the C.P.C.?
Chen Duxiu and Li Dazhao formed the C.P.C. in 1921.
How to Observe CPC Founding Day
Watch a documentary on the C.P.C.
There are numerous documentaries and films on this political party. Grab some popcorn and immerse yourself.
Read about some Chinese history
If you're more into books, reading up on China's history is an excellent way to mark C.P.C. Founding Day. You can make it extra interesting by discussing the books you've read with a friend.
Try a Chinese recipe
You might not be able to physically go to China for the celebrations, but you can whip up a Chinese meal. There's no better way to get a taste of the Orient.
5 Interesting Facts About The C.P.C.
It has liaised with non-communist parties
After the decline and end of communism in Eastern Europe, the C.P.C. has launched interparty relations with non-communist parties like Singapore's People's Action Party (PAP).
You need to apply to join
Joining the C.P.C. requires an applicant to through an approval process and then spend a year as a probationary member.
The National Congress meets regularly
Since the ninth National Congress in 1969, the party convenes this assembly every five years.
The C.P.C.'s first official ideology was Marxism–Leninism.
At the time of its founding in 1921, the C.P.C. had 58 members.
Why CPC Founding Day is Important
We learn about China's history
This holiday provides a chance to delve into the country's rich history with the second-biggest economy in the world. For those who may not have covered China's history in school, this day comes in handy.
It's a family-friendly holiday
C.P.C. Founding Day is appropriate for all ages. We can celebrate with our families as we discover more about this remarkable Oriental nation.
It honors the founders of China
Chen Duxiu and Li Dazhao are names that are largely unknown to people outside China. C.P.C. Founding Day serves to perpetuate their memory.
CPC Founding Day dates