Andalusia Day is a special holiday in Spain that takes place on February 28 every year. The holiday serves to commemorate the referendum on the Statute of Autonomy of Andalusia, which took place on February 28, 1980. This was when the Andalusian electorate voted for the statute that made Andalusia an autonomous community of Spain. This was a noteworthy event in the country. It helped them get much closer to their governmental goals. The citizens of Andalusia are patriotic and happy to celebrate their nation’s progress. They incorporate their traditional culture into the national celebrations.
History of Andalusia Day
Andalusia Day is celebrated to commemorate the referendum on the Statute of Autonomy of Andalusia. This event took place on February 28, 1980. It was necessary for a large majority of voters to support this referendum for Andalusia to officially become an autonomous community in Spain. This day is an autonomous community public holiday where schools, businesses, and government offices are closed.
However, a few nationalist groups choose to celebrate Andalusia Day on December 4, a date which marks the demonstrations to demand independence that took place in 1977.
The citizens usually spend the holiday enjoying some quiet time with family or close friends. Some people choose to organize or attend private parties featuring traditional music, dancing, food, and drink. In some municipalities, people hold communal meals. Local politicians present people with certificates or medals for service to the community.
During the event, many people in the country decorate their balconies with the national flag of Andalusia. There are entertaining cultural competitions that are often held during the day. Schools are closed for a ‘La Semana Cultural’ or a cultural week in some cities, especially in the Málaga area. The Friday before Andalusia Day is often a day of celebration in schools. There is a traditional Andalusian breakfast called “desayuno andaluz” that is eaten, which consists of a slice of toast with a thin layer of olive oil and orange juice. In most schools, students color pictures that refer to the symbols and insignia of Andalusia. The children put on plays and sing the national anthem, the “Himno de Andalucía.”
Andalusia is a city that many people enjoy visiting as there are a lot of breathtaking sites to see. The country is filled with gorgeous castles that create a fairytale-like atmosphere. Some of the most beautiful castles are the Castillo de la Guardia, the Castillo de Segura de la Sierra, and the Castillo de la Mota. There are also the Castillo de la Yedra and the Castillo de Santa Catalina.
It is largely an agricultural community, though, in recent times, it has seen exponential growth in industrialization. Andalusia has eight parts to it, Almeria, Cádiz, Córdoba, Granada, Huelva, Jaén, Málaga and the capital city of the community, Seville.
Andalusia Day timeline
The Moors begin to invade Spain.
The Moors eventually leave Spain and migrate elsewhere.
The referendum on the Statute of Autonomy of Andalusia takes place.
During the holiday, there is a plenary session of the Parliament of Andalusia at the Teatro de la Maestranza in Seville.
Andalusia Day FAQs
What is Andalusia known for?
Andalusia is well known for bringing flamenco art to the world. It was officially created in Seville.
Does Andalusia have a coat of arms?
Yes, Andalusia has a beautiful coat of arms. It features the image of Hercules taming two lions between the two columns of Hercules.
Does Andalusia have a desert?
Andalusia is home to the only desert in Europe, which is called the Tabernas Desert (Almeria).
How to Observe Andalusia Day
You can enjoy the large region of hills, rivers, and farmland in Andalusia. The country has many features you can enjoy exploring.
Celebrate with color
Decorate your home, office, or place of business with colors representing Andalusia. The colors of their national flag are dark green and white.
Learn about Andalusia
Andalusia is a very interesting country with many things to offer. Its citizens and visitors are rarely bored. Read more about this beautiful country and its fascinating history.
5 Interesting Facts About Andalusia
It has bullrings
Andalusia has about 70 bullrings.
It has a slogan
The inscription on the Andalusian coat of arms reads “Andalusia for itself, for Spain and Humanity.”
Its scenery is used for films
Andalusia has very beautiful scenery and has been used as a location for numerous films.
It hosted “Game of Thrones”
Andalusia has served as the setting for the hit series “Game of Thrones.”
It has a large geode
Andalusia is home to the world's second-largest geode, the Pulpí Geode.
Why Andalusia Day is Important
It has two seas
The coasts of Andalusia are bathed by the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean. It is the only autonomous community in Spain with this special feature and we think this is worth appreciation.
A vibrant culture
Andalusia has a rich history and vibrant culture. Learn all you can about it today.
Andalusia has castles
There are many castles built in Andalusia. There are particularly many castles in Jaén — if you visit, make sure you explore as many as possible.
Andalusia Day dates