The Battle of the Alamo’s finale is commemorated on Alamo Day, which takes place on March 6 every year. The Battle of the Alamo came to a brutal conclusion on March 6, 1836, 13 days after a sporadic battle, rounding off a critical milestone in the Texas Revolution. The fort was retaken by Mexican soldiers and virtually all of the Texan defenders, including frontiersman Davy Crockett, were killed.
History of Alamo Day
The Alamo (initially called the Mission San Antonio de Valero) was constructed in present-day San Antonio by Spanish immigrants in 1718. Mexican General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna led an assault on the Alamo Mission on February 23, 1836, after it had been seized by insurgent Texan troops in December. Around 1,000 Mexican troops stormed the improvised fort and began mounting artillery.
The two forces exchanged gunfire over the following two weeks, although there were minimal losses. Even though they were significantly outnumbered, co-commanders William Travis and James Bowie insisted on staying put. Doctors and farmers were among the volunteers guarding the Alamo, including Davy Crockett who was a member of the Tennessee militia.
On March 6, just before daybreak, the last onslaught occurred. The north wall was broken, and Mexican forces surged into the enclosure, rousing many of the Texans within. The fight spanned 90 minutes, with considerable hand-to-hand action involved.
Bowie, Travis, and Crockett were all killed, however, accounts dispute as to how and when they were killed. Some Texans are said to have surrendered, but Santa Anna ordered the execution of all detainees. Only a few people, primarily women, and children made it out alive. Some hundred Mexicans are said to have died, according to historians.
From March through May, Mexican soldiers controlled the fort, however on April 21, Sam Houston and his men overcame Santa Anna’s army at San Jacinto. They screamed “Remember the Alamo” as they stormed, and Houston’s triumph ensured Texas independence. Texas was annexed by the United States almost a decade after in 1845.
The U.S. Army stationed troops and supplies in the fort for many years after that. The state of Texas purchased the Alamo in 1883 and eventually acquired the property rights to the surrounding lands, which totaled about four acres. The Alamo attracts roughly 2.5 million visitors each year and remains a national symbol of perseverance and resistance.
Alamo Day timeline
Spanish settlers construct the Alamo.
Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna, a Mexican general, initiates the attack on the Alamo Mission on 23 February.
The Battle of the Alamo reaches a gruesome climax as the Spanish invaders succeed.
Texas is annexed by the United States.
Alamo Day FAQs
What happened after the Alamo?
After the victory at the Alamo, Mexican General Santa Anna went eastward and was eventually defeated by General Sam Houston in the Battle of San Jacinto on April 21.
What did they do with the dead bodies?
Santa Anna sent for branches and wood to be brought in from nearby forests and used to build a funeral pyre at Alameda Road.
Who is the Angel of the Alamo?
Adina De Zavala. Born south of Houston in 1861, De Zavala was among the Tejanas who made significant efforts to preserve the history of San Antonio.
How to Observe Alamo Day
Visit the Alamo
The best way to celebrate is to visit the Alamo. See the iconic fort for yourself and don’t forget to take some amazing pictures.
Watch a movie/documentary
For those who cannot visit the Alamo, a movie or documentary about the fort is a good substitute. Several books also give interesting accounts of the famous Battle of the Alamo.
Remember the Alamo
This is the perfect day to reflect on the sacrifice of the Texans who fought at the Alamo. Share messages, pictures on socials and include the famous words: “Remember the Alamo.”
5 Facts About Texas That Will Blow Your Mind
Texas was an independent nation
Texas was only annexed by the U.S. in 1845.
Texas produces more wool than any other American state.
Texas remains the only American state to fly six different national flags — the Confederate States, Republic of Texas, the United States, Mexico, Spain, and France).
Austin, Texas is regarded as the center of live music around the world.
Waco born and bred
Dr. Pepper was created in 1885 in Waco, Texas.
Why Alamo Day is Important
To honor the heroes of the Alamo
Alamo Day is a chance for us to reflect on the sacrifice of the brave souls who made a stand at the Alamo. The observance pays tribute to their courage and contribution to the birth of a Republic.
It’s a crucial piece of our history
Alamo Day celebrations help us keep a vital piece of U.S. history alive. Texans can be proud of their history and contributions to American folklore.
It inspires future generations
The Battle of the Alamo will serve as inspiration for future generations. The troops fighting on the Texan side will be remembered for how they showed bravery and spirit despite the odds being stacked heavily against them.
Alamo Day dates