Tajikistan Independence Day, also known as the Day of State Independence of the Republic of Tajikistan, is observed every year on September 9. In 1991, the Communist Party that had been ruling Tajikistan was dissolved and a resolution was adopted on the State Independence of the Republic of Tajikistan. This also came into being with the dissolution of the Soviet Union. It is one of the main events of Tajikistan every year. On this day, many businesses are closed and people participate in lighting fireworks and witnessing the famous ‘21-gun salute.’
History of Tajikistan Independence Day
Tajikistan is a landlocked country in Central Asia, formally known as the Republic of Tajikistan. Dushanbe is the country’s capital and largest city. It is bordered on the south by Afghanistan, on the west by Uzbekistan, on the north by Kyrgyzstan, and on the east by China. Sections of Afghanistan and Uzbekistan are part of the Tajik people’s traditional homelands as well. Tajikistan was once home to multiple ancient cultures, including the Neolithic and Bronze Age metropolis of Sarazm, and was afterward ruled by kingdoms of several faiths and cultures, including Buddhism, Nestorian Christianity, Hinduism, and Islam.
Several empires and dynasties have ruled over the region, including the Achaemenid Empire, Sasanian Empire, Hephthalite Empire, Samanid Empire, and Mongol Empire. The Russian Empire then seized the territory, which was then taken over by the Soviet Union. The country’s existing borders were drawn when it was an autonomous republic within the Soviet Union before becoming a full-fledged Soviet republic in 1929.
Faced with a spillover of upheaval in Eastern Europe that began in Poland, the Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic, along with other U.S.S.R. republics, declared independence. However, this independence was declared while the Soviet Union was still in existence. Despite this, the declaration was simply the first step on the road to Tajikistan’s true independence.
The national republics began the process of declaring national independence after the failed coup staged by the State Committee on the State of Emergency in August 1991. Tajikistan’s Communist Party, which had previously ruled the country, was likewise legally disbanded. The Supreme Soviet issued a Resolution and Declaration “On State Independence of the Republic of Tajikistan” on September 9, 1991, which was formally signed by acting president Qadriddin Aslonov. Tajikistan was granted formal independence on December 26, 1991, following the disintegration of the Soviet Union.
Tajikistan Independence Day timeline
The earliest history of Tajikistan is recorded.
The Russian Empire takes over a major portion of Tajikistan.
Tajik Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic is created as a part of Uzbekistan.
Tajikistan declares independence and the Soviet Union is dissolved.
Tajikistan Independence Day FAQs
Does Tajikistan have seas?
No, Tajikistan is a landlocked country and does not have any direct access to open seas.
What does ‘Tajikistan’ mean?
It means ‘place of the Tajik (people).’ The Persian suffix ‘-stan’ means ‘place of” or ‘country,’ so the word ‘Tajikistan’ means ‘Land of the Tajik [people].’
Is Tajikistan a democracy?
No, Tajikistan follows a presidential republic political system.
How to Observe Tajikistan Independence Day
Watch Independence Day festivities
Military parades, the 21-gun salute, fireworks, and mass games are usually held to celebrate Tajikistan Independence Day. If you can’t physically attend these, there are Tajikistan T.V. channels that broadcast these events for everyone to watch.
Have a feast
A traditional way of celebrating the Day of State Independence of the Republic of Tajikistan is by having small feasts with family and friends. Make or order an assortment of Tajikistan’s delicacies and enjoy the day.
Decorate for Tajikistan
It is also common for people to decorate their homes, cars, and neighborhoods with the Tajikistan flag and other symbols of the region. Show your love by decorating for Tajikistan Independence Day.
5 Fun Facts About Tajikistan That You Should Know
There is a planet between Mars and Jupiter called ‘Tajikistan,’ named after the contribution made by Tajik scientists to astrophysics.
It has the second-highest dam
The second-tallest dam in the world is the Nurek dam in Tajikistan, which is 984 feet high
It’s very mountainous
90% of Tajikistan is covered in mountains
The beauty standards are unique
In Tajikistan, women with unibrows are considered the beauty standard to follow.
It has a risky location
Tajikistan’s placement makes it susceptible to highly intense earthquakes.
Why Tajikistan Independence Day is Important
It keeps us rooted in history
There is a rich history behind the world as we know it today. Countless lives were lost and sacrifices were made for us to enjoy our present-day lives and freedom. A day like this reminds me of the events that occurred in the past.
It instills gratitude
This day creates a sense of gratitude for those who had a vision and fought for freedom through hardships and wars. It also makes us thankful for those who continue to serve and protect the nation to this day.
Tajikistan is incredible
Tajikistan has so much to offer to the world. From its widespread mountainous regions to its beautiful lakes, Tajikistan is a must-visit kind of place.
Tajikistan Independence Day dates