WedJun 2

Republic Day Italy – June 2, 2021

Italian Republic Day, also widely known as ‘Festa della Repubblica’ for Italians, is nationally celebrated in Italy on June 2, every year. The historical day commemorates the institutional referendum of 1946 when Italians were called to take a vote and decide the form of their government after World War II. With a flood of votes, they chose to be a republic with a constituent assembly and sent the kingdom to exile. So, on this day, a massive celebration takes place in the city of Rome to celebrate the creation of the Italian Republic.

History of Republic Day Italy

It all began after the fall of the fascist regime in Italy, supported by the House of Savoy for more than 20 years. The House of Savoy was a royal dynasty established in 1003, which gradually grew from a family in power to a massive kingdom with absolute rule.

Following the fall and the end of World War II, a referendum was announced by universal suffrage in 1946, to be held on June 2 and June 3. The Italian public gathered to vote for their form of government — for either a monarchy or a republic. On June 10, it was revealed that 45% of voters had chosen the monarchy, whereas 54% of Italians wanted a republic. The results were clear — Italians ushered in a new chapter of freedom, as declared by the Court of Cassation, and exiled the male members of the royal family — the House of Savoy. The country adopted a new constitution on January 1, 1948, making Italy a unitary parliamentary republic with a permanent ban on the monarchy to ever rule the country again.

Every year, June 2 is commemorated with official ceremonies, speeches, concerts, and parades across the country, with a hallmark military parade celebration taking place in the capital city of Rome that is broadcast worldwide and can be enjoyed by all. Celebrations take place at Italian embassies all around the world as well, characterized by flag hoisting, painting faces red, green, and white, and going on Italian picnics. Another highlight of the day is the flyover by the Frecce Tricolori. Many aircraft soar through the Italian skies, releasing streaks of white, green, and red smoke. It’s a beautiful sight to see!

Republic Day Italy timeline

1861
Kingdom of Italy

On March 17, Italy becomes a nation united under King Victor Emmanuel II.

1870
Birth of a Single State of Italy

The consolidation of different states of the peninsula into the single Kingdom of Italy, the Italian unification, occurs.

1948
Constitution of Italy

After winning the government of the republic, Italy adopts a new constitution on January 1.

1999
Italian Republic Day

The national holiday, which was previously celebrated on the first Sunday in June, is made official on June 2.

Republic Day Italy FAQs

When did Italy formally become a republic?

Italy was formally proclaimed as a republic on June 6, 1946.

How is Republic Day celebrated in Italy?

The general public celebrates with fireworks, concerts, parades, and picnics. A ceremonial wreath is laid on the Unknown Soldier at the Altare della Patria by the President of the Italian Republic, which is accompanied by a military parade in the historical capital of the country, Rome.

Is June 2 a public holiday?

Yes, June 2 is a major holiday in the country. Banks, offices, and institutes are closed on the day.

How To Celebrate Republic Day Italy

  1. Devour Italian cuisine

    Italian cuisine has invented some of the most mouthwatering delights. There’s no better way to celebrate the freedom of Italy than by indulging in Roman pizzas and Piedmontese 'Tajarin al ragù' and tossing red tomatoes, mozzarella, and basil into a refreshing caprese salad that replicates the colors of the Italian flag. Choose a region and recreate one of its traditional dishes!

  2. Sing or listen to the Italian anthem!

    If you’ve never heard the national anthem of Italy, now is the day. Composed by Michele Novaro, it’s a beautiful, patriotic tune. Play it at home and (try to) sing along to it by downloading and learning the words.

  3. Attend the military parade

    The annual military parade held in the center of Rome is an impressive sight. If you’re in Italy or planning to visit it in the summer, make sure you grab a seat along Via dei Fori Imperiali to watch the Military Review this year!

5 Facts About Italy That Will Blow Your Mind

  1. Free fountain of wine

    The small town of Caldari di Ortona of Italy has a fountain that flows for 24 hours with locally grown wine.

  2. Fifth most visited country

    As of 2018, Italy secured the fifth spot for being the world’s most visited country.

  3. Hotspot for volcanic activity

    There are three active volcanoes in Italy, all smoking hot!

  4. Pasta since the 4th century

    Research has found that Italians already ate pasta way back in the 4th century B.C., as suggested by paintings in an Italian tomb depicting pasta-making equipment.

  5. Italy has the world’s tiniest country

    Spanning just 44 hectares, one-eighth the size of New York’s Central Park, the Vatican city-state in Italy is the smallest country in the world.

Why We Love Republic Day Italy

  1. It marks the birth of the Italian Republic

    Stories of independence are always inspirational for all of us and close to our hearts. Italy was ruled by the House of Savoy for nearly 85 years. It wasn’t until World War II, and with it the fall of fascism, that Italians found freedom from the monarchy.

  2. Italy gives us wonderful cuisine

    Italian food is ubiquitous and cherished worldwide. Varying from region to region, it is unique, full of flavor, and unmatched by any other cuisine. We wouldn’t mind celebrating Italian Republic Day every month to get a free ticket to feast on Italian pizzas, pasta, and wine!

  3. Italy is an art lover’s heaven!

    Besides famous creations of food, Italy is full of artistic masterpieces that are globally renowned. From ancient monuments to rich cultural art, we get to see some of the most amazing sights in Italy. On top of this, it is also recognized as the birthplace of the Renaissance era — the biggest art movement of the world.

Republic Day Italy dates

YearDateDay
2021June 2Wednesday
2022June 2Thursday
2023June 2Friday
2024June 2Sunday
2025June 2Monday