Uruguay Constitution Day is on July 18 ― a national holiday in Uruguay. It honors the adoption of the first constitution in 1830 and is formally known as the “Jura de la Constitución de la Repblica Oriental del Uruguay.” Ranching is the leading industry in Uruguay, a mostly flat land. Also noteworthy are its virtually unspoiled coastline, high standard of living, and recent track record of social liberalism.
History of Uruguay Constitution Day
The Uruguayan Parliament’s forerunner, ‘the General Constituent,’ and the Legislative Assembly of the State drafted its constitution, which divided the government into the executive, legislative, and judicial branches as a result of the French and American revolutions. It established a republican unitary state with Roman Catholicism as the official religion. The constitution was officially adopted on July 18, 1830. The original ‘Uruguayan constitution’ lasted till 1918; it has since undergone numerous revisions. The ‘Uruguayan constitution of 1830’ is thought to be its most technically flawless document. It created Uruguay as a unitary republic with a centralized form of government heavily influenced by the ideas of the French and American revolutions; it divided the government into the executive, legislative, and judicial branches.
Despite being in force for 87 years, in theory, the constitution of 1830 was too rigid to be replaced or changed. De facto governments in succession have repeatedly broken it. The Blancos and Colorados, supported by the Constitutional Party, established the framework for a more stable system between 1878 and 1890 through agreements known as “pacts between the parties.” Co-participation, which refers to the division of formal political and unofficial administrative power, has been a recognized governing principle since 1872.
Uruguay Constitution Day timeline
The Constituent Assembly draws up the first Uruguayan Constitution; it’s sworn into effect by the populace in the Church of La Aguada.
A new constitution replaces the political one.
On August 25, Uruguay declares its independence from Brazil.
Brazil and Argentina ratify the Treaty of Montevideo, recognizing Uruguay's independence.
Uruguay Constitution Day FAQs
What countries celebrate Constitution Day?
Constitution Day is a holiday set aside to honor a nation’s constitution. They include Mongolia, Netherlands, Niue, Norway, Pakistan, and Palau.
What is Uruguay known for?
Ranching is the leading industry in Uruguay. Uruguay has flat lands. Additionally noteworthy are its virtually unspoiled coastline, high standard of living, and recent track record of social liberalism. The ultimate emblem of Punta del Este is ‘The hand.’
Why is Uruguay so rich?
In the context of the Americas, Uruguay has long been a country that enjoys a fair amount of prosperity. The country’s economy, primarily fueled by beef, wool, crops, and dairy products, has been expanding since the dictatorship in the 1970s because of the increasingly trade-focused governments.
How to Observe Uruguay Constitution Day
Sing the Anthem
The national anthem of Uruguay, which is about five minutes long, is one of the world's longest. It's not that long for most people, who only sing the first verse and chorus.
Listen to speeches
The time is right to pay attention to politicians and community leaders. They rehearse the history of the constitution and their commitment to the country.
Learn the culture
Take time off work and enjoy the people and places. There are parades, fireworks, festivals, and open-air performances. Food-wise, it's a great day as well, with Torta Fritas, Empanadas, Chivito, and Choripan taking center stage.
5 Facts About Uruguay
It’s a small nation
Uruguay is only larger than four European nations.
It was a disputed territory
From 1839 to 1851, rival factions engaged in a bloody civil war with the support of foreign powers.
They had Italian immigrants
Italians played pertinent roles in the formation of Uruguay as we know it today, from the Spanish dialect used by the population to the modernization of the economy and advances in the visual arts.
It’s the 8th largest beef producer
Given its size, it is incredible that the nation still exports the eighth most beef among all countries, although its economy now heavily depends on services, tourism, and finance.
It has a high standard of living
With a roughly $16,000 GDP per capita, Uruguay’s income gaps are astonishing and, among the least, unequal.
Why Uruguay Constitution Day is Important
It has a fascinating culture
Uruguay has a sophisticated culture; it is a highly urban nation. Nevertheless, it keeps some vestiges of its colonial past in plain sight.
It once won the F.I.F.A. World Cup
In 1930, Uruguay won and hosted the inaugural F.I.F.A. World Cup. The national football team's best results since then have been three fourth-place finishes in 1954, 1970, and 2010.
It has the Colonia del Sacramento
Uruguay is well known for its charming Colonia, founded in 1680. It is one of the oldest towns in Uruguay and has been a U.N.E.S.C.O. World Heritage Site since 1995.
Uruguay Constitution Day dates