Uruguay Constitution Day – July 18, 2022

Uruguay Constitution Day takes place annually on July 18. Officially known as ‘Jura de la Constitucion de la Republica Oriental del Uruguay,’ the holiday commemorates the adoption of Uruguay’s first constitution on July 18, 1830. The constitution, which was in force until 1918, was drafted by the General Constituent and Legislative Assembly of the State. Taking notes from the French and American revolutions, the constitution split governmental powers among the executive, legislature, and judiciary arms.

History of Uruguay Constitution Day

Officially known as the Oriental Republic of Uruguay, this country is located in South America. It declared itself independent of Brazil on August 25, 1825. But the country’s independence was only recognized on August 27, 1828, when the Treaty of Montevideo was signed at the end of the three-year-long Cisplatine War. The outcome was that Brazil and Argentina agreed to recognize Uruguay as an independent “buffer” state between them. The country adopted its first constitution on July 18, 1830.

The constitution, which was in force from 1830 to 1918, was drafted by the General Constituent and Legislative Assembly of the State. Taking notes from the French and American revolutions, the constitution split governmental powers among the executive, legislature, and judiciary and has been regarded as Uruguay’s most technically perfect charter. It also established a unitary republic with a centralized form of government. Furthermore, the constitution vested the bicameral General Assembly with powers to elect a president who could lead the executive branch of government for a four-year tenure. The president was given the power to make executive decisions with the agreement of at least one of the three ministers recognized by the constitution.

The 1830 constitution established a General Assembly composed of a Chamber of Senators and a Chamber of Representatives. Although members of the General Assembly were empowered to pass laws, they lacked the authority to impeach the president or any of his ministers. As for the judicial branch of government, the constitution established a Supreme Court of Justice and lesser courts, with the General Assembly empowered to appoint members of the high court.

Uruguay Constitution Day timeline

1825
Uruguay Declares Independence

Uruguay declares independence from Brazil on August 25.

1828
The Treaty of Montevideo is Signed

The Treaty of Montevideo is signed by Brazil and Argentina, and they recognize Uruguay as an independent state.

1830
The Constitution is Adopted

Uruguay adopts its first constitution.

1836
The U.S. Recognizes Uruguay

The United States recognizes Uruguay as an independent state.

Uruguay Constitution Day FAQs

What is the official language of Uruguay?

The official language of Uruguay is Spanish, while the regional languages are Uruguayan and Portuguese.

What are people from Uruguay called?

People from Uruguay are Uruguayan.

Who is the president of Uruguay?

The current president of Uruguay is Luis Lacalle Pou.

How to Observe Uruguay Constitution Day

  1. Celebrate

    Celebrate this key moment in history with the people of Uruguay. Send them a goodwill message, wishing them a happy Uruguay Constitution Day.

  2. Learn more

    Learn more about the beautiful country of Uruguay. There are a lot of interesting things that’ll make you want to visit.

  3. Share

    Spread the word about Uruguay Constitution Day. Share this article with your friends and family.

5 Fascinating Facts About Uruguay

  1. The meaning of ‘Uruguay’

    The word ‘Uruguay’ means “river where the bird lives,” “river of the snails,” or “winding river.”

  2. Uruguay consumes a lot of meat

    Uruguay is the country that consumes the most beef per person in the whole world.

  3. Uruguay’s national anthem is long

    Uruguay’s five-minute-long national anthem is the longest national anthem in the world.

  4. Uruguay hosted the first World Cup

    The first World Cup tournament was held in Uruguay in 1930.

  5. Uruguay is eco-friendly

    About 98% of Uruguay's energy is generated through renewable sources like wind, hydropower, solar, and biomass.

Why Uruguay Constitution Day is Important

  1. Constitutions preserve democracy

    Constitutions are the backbone of any democracy. They preserve the rule of law and prevent despotism and arbitrary rule.

  2. Democracy ensures equality

    Uruguay is a democratic state, practicing a presidential system of government. This form of government ensures that the masses exercise their right to vote and elect their leaders. Democracy promotes equal opportunity for everyone.

  3. Democracy prevents despotism

    As opposed to democracy, dictatorships often lead to despotism and abuse of power. Practicing a democratic form of government ensures that arbitrary rule is prevented.

Uruguay Constitution Day dates

YearDateDay
2022July 18Monday
2023July 18Tuesday
2024July 18Thursday
2025July 18Friday
2026July 18Saturday

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