The Martyrdom of Imam Ali, observed on the 21st day of Ramadan, commemorates the death of Ali ibn Abi Talib, also known as Hazrat Ali, who was the son-in-law of the Prophet Muhammad. This year, it takes place on April 12. Did you know that he is one of the important personalities in Islam? Yes, he was considered to be the first Imam by Shia Muslims and was also the first male to accept Islam — this also makes him the first Muslim. So, who is Imam Ali, what was his life like, and what happened to him? Let’s learn about the history and importance of the Martyrdom of Imam Ali.
History of Martyrdom of Imam Ali
According to historians, Ali ibn Abi Talib was born on September 15, 601. Ali was the son of Abu Talib and Fatimah bint Asad. Many believe that he was the first male to convert to Islam at the age of 10. Ali was a wise and intelligent leader, ruling from 656 until 661. Even in the difficult times when he was intrigued with military encounters, Hazrat Ali maintained the highest quality of governance. Ali fought alongside Muhammad in the battles that were crucial in the building and forging of the early Muslim community. According to Islamic history, Ali fought in the Battle of Uhud, the Battle of Badr, the Battle of Trench, the Battle of the Camel, the Battle of Siffin, and the Battle of Nahrawan.
Later, Ali migrated to Medina, where he was married to the daughter of the Prophet Muhammad, Fatima al-Zahra, and became Muhammad’s son-in-law. In 661, he was struck in the head with a poisonous sword by Abd al-Rahman ibn Muljam, a Kharijite from Egypt. It happened in the Great Mosque of Kufa, in modern-day Iraq, on the 19th of Ramadan while he was saying his prayers.
Ali left behind a large number of writings, including speeches and proverbs. The teachings of Hazrat Ali were passed on from generation to generation to provide a rich testimony to recognize his words of wisdom. Today, pilgrims flood in millions to his final resting place in Najaf, southern Iraq, in commemoration of his birth and martyrdom to extend their homage to the legacy of Hazrat Ali.
Martyrdom of Imam Ali timeline
Hazrat Ali is born to Abu Talib and Fatimah bint Asad in Kaaba.
After Muhammad declares himself a prophet, Ali accepts Islam as his new faith.
He is appointed as the Caliph after the assassination of the former Caliph.
Imam Ali is assassinated in the Great Mosque of Kufa.
Martyrdom of Imam Ali FAQs
What did Caliph Ali do?
As Islam expanded throughout Arabia, Ali worked to build the new Islamic government. In 628, he was given the task of writing down the Hudaybiyyah agreement, a peace treaty between the Prophet and the Quraysh.
At what age did Hazrat Ali die?
He was 62 or 63 years old when he died on the 21st or 19th of Ramadan.
Where is the sword of Imam Ali?
The sword of Imam Ali is stored in the Topkapi Palace Museum in Istanbul, Turkey.
How to Observe Martyrdom of Imam Ali
Visit his resting place
The best thing you can do to celebrate the Martyrdom of Imam Ali is by visiting his resting place in Iraq and saying your prayers. You can start planning your trip now.
Observe with your loved ones
You can work on improving yourself during this time and then commemorate this holiday with your friends, family, and loved ones. This will help cleanse your mind and soul.
Send a prayer
You may send Imam Ali a prayer in memory of his demise. You can also send a prayer for meritorious predecessors who have made a great impact on the world.
5 Legendary Facts About Imam Ali
The holy birth
Imam Ali had the honor of being born inside the Holy Kaaba.
Cousin and son-in-law
He was both the cousin and son-in-law of the Holy Prophet.
He destroyed idols
He destroyed the idols in the Kaaba because idolatry is regarded as part of polytheism or shirk, and it is Islam's most serious and unforgivable sin.
He was a short-lived Caliph
Hazrat Ali was a Caliph for only five years.
The Zulfiqar sword
The name of his sword was Zulfiqar, which was given to him by Muhammad.
Why Martyrdom of Imam Ali is Important
We need this day
In today’s world where hate, negativity, and vengeance are ruining many lives, positive and empowering holidays like the Martyrdom of Imam Ali are much-needed. Reminiscing on the personality and character of Imam Ali himself can motivate us to become better people.
It’s a lifetime memory
Ali ibn Abi Talib's life story is a legendary remembrance of all time. By observing this holiday with your loved ones and being at peace on this day, you are keeping the lifetime memory of Imam Ali alive throughout your next generation.
It renews your focus
The Martyrdom of Imam Ali is one of the important holidays in Islam that Muslims all over the world can observe. The commemoration can help renew their focus on spiritual life and its practical application in daily life.
Martyrdom of Imam Ali dates