League of Nations Day is observed on January 10 annually. It came into effect this day in the year 1920 after being approved by 42 nations the previous year. The goal of this now-defunct international organization was to maintain world peace and promote international cooperation. Its other priorities are disarmament, averting war through collective security, resolving international conflicts through diplomacy and negotiation, and enhancing global welfare. Even thorough the organization ceased operations in the 1940s, it became a predecessor to the United Nations, as many of its goals and objectives directly influenced the latter.
History of League of Nations Day
Founded after World War I, the League of Nations is also considered the precursor to the United Nations. On 28 June 1919, the covenant of the League of Nations was signed under the Treaty of Versailles and the organization came into being in January 1920. The League consisted of a General Assembly which represented all member states; an Executive Council with four permanent and nine elected members; and a Permanent Secretariat which represented the civil service. Britain, France, Italy, and Japan were the permanent members of the Executive Council. They were responsible for the enforcement of its resolutions, economic sanctions, and the army, as and when needed.
The League had 58 members in its prime, which lasted from September 28, 1934, to February 23, 1935. Despite its achievements, it faced some notable defeats too. By the 1930s, it was unable to stand against the Axis powers while the U.S. was yet to join it. Eventually, its credibility began to fade, and nations including Japan, Italy, Spain, Germany, and a few others withdrew.
During World War II, the League of Nations failed to accomplish its goals. Many members left and turned to the traditional system of defensive alliances and power blocs. The League was finally disintegrated on April 19, 1946. Its goals and powers were blended with those of the United Nations, which was built on a more resilient structure, with committed members, and had effective conflict-prevention tools and methods.
League of Nations Day timeline
The Covenant of the League of Nations is signed on 28 June as Part I of the Treaty of Versailles.
The League of Nations is established on January 10 by the Paris Peace Conference and holds its first meeting on January 16.
World War II begins and the League of Nations becomes inactive.
On April 20, the League of Nations officially ceased operations, and a new body called the United Nations is created in its place.
League of Nations Day FAQs
What killed the League of Nations?
The onset of World War II, proved that the League had failed to prevent any war.
Which country was expelled in 1939?
The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics was expelled from the League of Nations because it invaded Finland in 1939.
Why didn't the U.S. join the League of Nations?
The U.S refused to take part in the League of Nations because it feared it would be drawn into troublesome international affairs.
How to Observe League of Nations Day
Learn about history
Collect some old war movies. Immerse yourself in history to learn more about this organization.
Visit a museum
Visit a war museum and spend some hours learning more about the League of Nations. Spend some time just browsing through to gain more historical facts.
Share on social media
Share your knowledge on social media. Help others learn more about the history of the world.
5 Facts About The League Of Nations
Woodrow Wilson won a Nobel Peace Prize
President Woodrow Wilson, the architect of the League of Nations, won the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts.
Britain and France were the most powerful
The League was made up of 42 nations, with Great Britain and France being the most powerful.
Germany and Russia were banned
Germany and Russia were not allowed membership due to their aggressions during World War I.
The headquarters were in Geneva
The headquarters of the League were situated in Geneva, Switzerland.
The final act in 1946
In April 1946, the League handed over all of its assets to the United Nations and gave them control of the library and archives.
Why League of Nations Day is Important
It is a pivotal part of history
The League of Nations galvanized events that greatly affected the way we govern and solve crises. It has played a huge part in history as we know it today.
It had international appeal
Many countries were influenced by the League of Nations. This makes it a common international link.
History is the best teacher
It is beneficial to learn more about our history. Not only is it rewarding, but it also helps to look back and learn from mistakes.
League of Nations Day dates