Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti is celebrated on January 20 by Sikhs across the world. The festival honors and remembers the Sikh leader Guru Gobind Singh — an inspirational man who was also a warrior, poet, philosopher, and a spiritual master. The Sikh community chose this day, in particular, to remember Guru Gobind Singh because January 20 is the birth anniversary of the great guru. So no matter how much work you have, or how much stress you are under, use this day to break the rut and get in touch with your spiritual side. It’s time to start healing.
History of Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti
Guru Gobind Singh is an inspirational figure in the history of Sikhism because of his ancestors, as well as the steps he took for Sikhs in his lifetime. Singh was the son of the ninth Sikh guru, Guru Tegh Bahadur. After his father was killed by Mughal emperor Aurangzeb, Singh became a Sikh leader when he was merely nine years of age. Throughout his life, he fought against Muslim rulers and the injustices that were committed by them. Singh became such a popular name not only because of his skills as a warrior, but because he lived his life to set an example for others. He not only mastered the art of fighting, but also focused on spreading his philosophical teachings in the Sikh community.
Singh also started the tradition of ‘Khalsa’, which includes ‘Kesh’ (uncut hair), ‘Kangha’ (a wooden comb), Kara (an iron or steel bracelet worn on the wrist), Kripan (a sword or dagger), and ’Kacchera’ (short breeches). This tradition birthed a new ceremony for Sikh warriors whose duty was to protect people from religious persecution. This meant that a Khalsa Sikh was given the title of a Singh, whereas a female was called Kaur. The tradition of Khalsa in Guru Gobind’s life became a way of life and the warriors had to follow a very strict code of conduct. Singh also finalized the “Kartarpur Pothi” — a manuscript of the great Guru Granth Sahib that serves as the primary scripture of Sikhism. In total, Singh fought 13 wars against the Mughal Empire.
Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti timeline
Guru Gobind marries Mata Jito.
The battle of Nadaun against Islamic armies takes place.
Singh and his soldiers travel and stay in different regions of southern Punjab.
Singh dies due to the wounds incurred in a war.
Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti FAQs
What is Guru Gobind Singh’s birthday?
The Sikh leader was born on December 22, 1666
Why do we celebrate Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti?
This is a Sikh festival that commemorates the birthday of Singh.
Did Sikh gurus have multiple wives?
Yes, many of the Sikh gurus wed multiple wives.
How to Observe Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti
The best way to celebrate the day is in remembrance of Guru Gobind Singh. Hence, head to a Gurdwara and offer prayers.
Sikhism is about spreading peace and love, and the festival revolves around feeding others. Donate to those who can’t afford a meal.
Share knowledge about Guru Gobind Singh
Ensure the love for Singh never dies. Share stories and knowledge regarding the guru to enlighten the young ones.
5 Interesting Facts About Sikhs
Three pillars of Sikhism
The three pillars stand for prayer, work, and give.
The Sikh God
They believe in ‘Waheguru,’ which means ‘Wonderful Lord.’
The meaning of the turban
The Sikhs turban symbolizes discipline, integrity, humility, and spirituality.
Living the simple life
Sikhism encourages healthy living and consumption of natural food only.
Sikhism is the 5th largest religion in the world.
Why Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti is Important
It celebrates the guru
The festival is essential since it celebrates the Sikh guru and many of his accomplishments. These continue to inspire Sikhs globally, even today.
It is historical
The festival is historical and gives insight into the life of Singh and Sikhism. It can be quite educational for the youth.
It helps Sikhs connect with their roots
Prayers and unity are required for the festival. This helps to connect Sikhs with their traditions and religious teachings.
Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti dates