We honor the anniversary of Burkina Faso’s independence this Burkina Faso Republic Day, celebrated on December 11. Burkina Faso, formerly known as Upper Volta, gained emancipation from centuries of tyrannical rule in 1958. The observation of Burkina Faso Republic Day is a day of celebration throughout the country. Several marches, manifestations, and parades are held throughout the nation. The capital city of Ouagadougou is adorned with military trucks. The president addresses the proud Burkinabe people from the parliament’s stage.
History of Burkina Faso Republic Day
Burkina Faso is an African country with a rich history and proud culture. It is one of the biggest importers of gold, cotton, and other futuristic crops in the world. Soon after World War II, many African countries were granted self-governance rights.
Burkina Faso, formerly known as Upper Volta, became one of the members of the Franco-African Community. The cultural impact of French colonization is deeply entrenched in the country. French continues to be the official language of the nation.
Burkina Faso gained its full independence in 1958. The country remained in political turmoil and economic instability until a coup led by the revolutionary leader, Thomas Sankara, won power in 1983. In his first order of business, he changed the country’s name from Upper Volta to Burkina Faso, which translates to “land of the upright men.”
Sankara’s leadership became pivotal to the progress of the nation. Within his first year of power, he implemented a series of social programs such as mass vaccinations, domestic agricultural consumption, and the expansion of women’s rights.
Decades after the assassination of Sankara, the country stands on the premise of a renewed hope for growth and progress. With a flourishing export system, public health awareness, and academic expansion, a course change is expected from the emerging youth of the nation.
December 11 is a day of pride and celebration. Diaspora from all around the world calls upon the blessings of their ancestors, as people celebrate the birth of their nation.
Burkina Faso Republic Day timeline
French army officer, Louis-Gustave Binger, visits the nation’s house of government for the first time.
French generals defeat Boukari-Koutou, the leader of Ouagadougou, and begin laying siege on the rest of the country.
The executive council of government transforms the nation into an autonomous republic within the purview of the French Community.
After many coups and internal fractions, Marxist leader Thomas Sankara seizes power and changes the name of the country to Burkina Faso.
Burkina Faso Republic Day FAQs
What is the capital of Burkina Faso?
The capital city of Burkina Faso is Ouagadougou. It is the largest city in the country, and its inhabitants are called Ouagalais.
What is the official language of Burkina Faso?
French is the official language of Burkina Faso. However, Moore, the dialect of the Mossi, is the most spoken language of the masses.
What is the main contribution of Thomas Sankara?
The emancipation and empowerment of women and girls was the biggest achievement of then-president Thomas Sankara. During his rule, polygamy, female genital mutilation, and forced marriages were outlawed and women were encouraged to join the workforce.
How to Observe Burkina Faso Republic Day
Hoist the flag
The official flag of Burkina Faso, adopted by Thomas Sankara, is adorned with standard Pan-African colors. The two horizontal sections of red and green symbolize the fertility of the land and the blood victory of independence, respectively. The star represents the inextinguishable light of the revolution.
Watch a documentary
Tons of documentaries and videos, including Burkinabé Rising — a 2018 release, are available on YouTube for you to watch. Prepare Burkinabe cuisine for your family and educate yourself on the past and present struggles of the proud citizens of Burkina Faso.
Many verified organizations, N.G.Os, and public trusts like Global Giving and Better Place, are great holdouts to make a donation and make a difference in the lives of Burkinabe people. As the geography of the country limits the chances of progress for the hardworking nationals, a dime from us can go a long way.
5 Gripping Facts About The Rich Land Of Burkina Faso
The young Burkinabe blood
Burkina Faso’s age is 17, making it one of the youngest countries in the world.
The craft hub of Africa
Burkina Faso is home to the biggest craft market in Africa, attracting people from all around the continent.
The land of luxury
Many of your favorite brands, including Victoria’s Secret, import cotton from Burkina Faso.
The gift of fertility
Burkina Faso’s fertility rate outpaces most of the developed world, with roughly five children conceived per woman.
The embrace of biotech crops
Burkina Faso lags behind Australia as the fastest growing cultivator of biotech crops in the world.
Why Burkina Faso Republic Day is Important
It is a tribute to a young nation
We celebrate the spirit of the Burkinabe people and their freedom on the anniversary of their independence. More than 65% of the country's population is below the age of 25, making it one of the youngest countries in the world.
It is a remembrance of lives lost
In the last six decades, the country has witnessed great political instability, coups, and economic turmoil — and continues to stand strong. On this somber day of reflection, we remember the many people who laid their lives to the cause of the country, including global icon and revolutionary leader Thomas Sankara.
It’s a day of tradition
Burkina Faso Republic Day marks a day of celebration and tradition. Oftentimes, people can be seen wearing indigenous masks and dancing. It is a day of embracing one’s culture and heritage.
Burkina Faso Republic Day dates