Karl Marx

Karl Marx, born on May 5, 1818, was a German philosopher, journalist, political critic, and sociologist who significantly influenced subsequent economic and political ideas. He had such a profound impact that his name is now used to describe a political school of thought — Marxism. His works have had an impact on governments, political parties, economies, professions, laws, and labor groups. Despite being a vocal critic of capitalism, many of his ideas serve as a foundation of people-friendly policies in capitalist societies. Some consider him to be the greatest thinker of all time. We will help you celebrate his special day right here.

Fast Facts

Full Name:

Karl Heinrich Marx

Birth date:

May 5, 1818

Death date:

March 14, 1883 (age 64)

Zodiac Sign:

Taurus

Height:

5' 9"

Net Worth:

$36 thousand

Background

Karl Marx is widely regarded as one of the most influential figures in economics, political science, philosophy, history, and journalism. He was persecuted and expelled from many countries for his ideas and political activities, but he was unrelenting. He moved around and continued to publish his powerful thoughts. Marx was born on May 5, 1818, in Trier, Prussia (now Germany). His zodiac sign is Taurus, and he was a German Jew. His father was Heinrich Marx, a German Jew, and his mother was Henriette Pressburg, a Dutch Jew.

In 1835, Marx traveled to the University of Bonn to study law, but he transferred to the University of Berlin in his second year. After completing his studies, he began writing fiction and learning English and Italian. He completed his thesis in 1841 and was awarded a Ph.D. from the University of Jena. He moved to Cologne in 1842 and took up a job as a journalist at a right-wing newspaper, “Rheinische Zeitung.” The government didn’t like his publications, and Marx was expelled from Germany.

In 1843, Marx married his childhood sweetheart Jenny von Westphalen. The following year, 1844, was significant in Marx’s life, as he moved to France and met with Friedrich Engels, who later became his lifelong friend. However, his publications angered the French government, and they expelled him from France. Between 1845 and 1849, he moved between France, Belgium, and Germany, and eventually settled in London in 1849.

Career timeline

1835
Marx Studies at the University

Marx studies law at the University of Bonn but later transfers to the University of Berlin.

1841
He Completes His Ph.D.

Although his doctoral thesis is perceived as controversial by the professors at the University of Berlin, he submits it to the University of Jena and receives a Ph.D.

1844
He Meets His Life-Long Friend

Marx meets Engels in Paris, France, and the two become inseparable.

1848
He Publishes “The Communist Manifesto”

Working with Engels, Marx publishes one of the most important political documents just as the European revolutions begin to erupt.

1867
He Publishes His Biggest Work

He compiles his thoughts about "political economy" in the first edition of “Das Kapital,” but Engels, his friend, helps publish and refine subsequent editions.

Why We Love Karl Marx

  1. He had a strong belief in his ideas

    Marx made an impact on public thinking because he had faith in himself. He was true to himself and was vocal about his thoughts and ideas.

  2. He was a hopeless romantic

    He wrote poems to his friend's sister to tell her about his affection for her. We love it when people are vocal about their feelings and emotions.

  3. He was not hypocritical

    Free public education and affordable healthcare have their roots in Marxism. All his life, Marx was deeply concerned about the poor, and he wasn't hypocritical about his concerns.

5 Surprising Facts

  1. Marx's never published his poems and novels

    While alive, Marx did not publish his poems, novels, and other fictional works; his friend published them after he died.

  2. Poor health plagued Marx

    As a youth, he was exempted from military service due to his health limitations, and throughout his life, he suffered health problems.

  3. Marx was stateless

    Although he was born in Prussia (Germany), Marx died stateless because he was frequently expelled.

  4. Marx relied on handouts for sustenance

    He relied on friends and relatives for financial support.

  5. He was against slavery

    He regularly wrote against slavery, believing it was a part of the capitalist establishment.

Karl Marx FAQs

What does Marx say about the rich?

He refers to the rich as the ‘Bourgeoisie’ and thinks they are the oppressive class. Frankly, he expected that workers would destroy them in the worker’s revolution.

Did Karl Marx have a job?

At the time, he was a journalist, and his income came from his work as a European correspondent for the “New York Times.” But Karl was unemployed for most of his adult life.

Was Karl Marx rich or poor?

His family endured extreme poverty. This happened because he committed himself exclusively to his studies instead of working to earn a living.

Karl Marx’s birthday dates

YearDateDay
2025May 5Monday
2026May 5Tuesday
2027May 5Wednesday
2028May 5Friday
2029May 5Saturday

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