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Lady of Aparecida – October 12, 2023

Lady of Aparecida Day is usually observed on October 12th, in Brazil. It is known as ‘Nossa Senhora de Aparecida’ and is dedicated to Brazil’s patron saint, the Virgin Mary Aparecida. A ten-day celebration honors Mary in the city near So Paulo that takes her name. Aparecida (appearing) is her name since there are multiple tales of apparitions of Our Lady of the Conception during difficult times, as well as her first miracle for the fisherman. On October 12, it is highly common for Brazilians from all across the nation to flock to the city of Aparecida in So Paulo.

History of Lady of Aparecida

According to legend, in October 1717, after a day of unsuccessful fishing, fishermen cast their nets into the Paraiba River and picked out a little brown statue of the Virgin Mary. The three fishermen fished for hours and didn’t catch a single fish. They were ready to give up and depart when they decided to give it one more go. Do you know what they found when they cast the net for the last time? A fragment of Our Lady of Aparecida’s idol. They threw their nets again after bringing in the little idol of the saint and caught many fish! This was the first of many miracles performed by Our Lady of Aparecida. She later became a Catholic emblem and the Saint of Miracles.

The place where the miracle occurred evolved into the city of Aparecida (meaning “she who has appeared”) and a cathedral was erected to house the statue, which is today a popular pilgrimage site.

The figure is constructed of clay and is around 15.7 inches tall. The statue was discovered in a brighter shade of brown, but it has since darkened owing to years of exposure to candles and lighting around the altar. Because of its color and the fact that the miracle occurred to a young slave child, devotion to the monument spread quickly, especially among Afro-Brazilians.

Many churches in Brazil have been dedicated to her, the most notable of which being the Cathedral of Brasilia and the National Basilica. The latter is the world’s second-largest basilica, with a capacity of more than 45,000 people.

In 1929, Pope Pius XI designated Our Lady of Aparecida as the patron saint of Brazil. Since 1980, the feast day of Our Lady of Aparecida has been declared a national holiday in Brazil.

Lady of Aparecida timeline

1717
Small Brown Statue of the Virgin Mary

The Virgin Mary statue is allegedly found in the Paraiba River by fishermen who cast their nets there following a fruitless day of fishing.

1904
The Statue is Crowned by the Church

The Catholic church canonically crowns the statue and proclaims her the patroness, or padroeira, of Brazil.

1955
New Basilica

It is now the world's second-largest basilica, with a capacity of 30,000 guests at any given time.

1980
National Holiday

The feast day of Our Lady of Aparecida is declared a national holiday in Brazil.

Lady of Aparecida FAQs

What is the significance of Our Lady of Aparecida?

Our Lady of Aparecida, Brazil’s patron saint, has various functions: she is a religious entity, a political symbol, and a cultural icon. Our Lady of Aparecida, discovered in 1717 at the bottom of a river with dirt on her face, immediately established a powerful image of the Black Madonna for Brazilians.

What is the patron saint of Our Lady of Aparecida?

In 1929, Pope Pius XI designated Our Lady of Aparecida as the patron saint of Brazil. Since 1980, the feast day of Our Lady of Aparecida has been declared a national holiday in Brazil.

What do people do on the feast of Our Lady of Aparecida?

Every year, Brazilians take it upon themselves to honor and worship Our Lady of Aparecida, Brazil’s patroness. This is a significant religious holiday for Catholics, who frequently visit the Basilica of Our Lady of Aparecida on this day.

Lady of Aparecida Activities

  1. Make new requests to the Lady of Aparecida

    There is the Basilica of the National Shrine of Our Lady of Aparecida, Brazil's largest Catholic church and the world's second-largest. Brazilians usually go there to fulfill vows made during the year, to make fresh requests to Our Lady, and, of course, to take a tour of the sanctuary.

  2. Tie ribbons in the chapel

    Brazilians frequently tie ribbons in the chapel to make requests for miracles they want her to perform. If you can, travel to Brazil on your next vacation and tie your own ribbon.

  3. Share it on social media

    Share your Lady of Aparecida celebration tale on social media with the hashtag #LadyofAparecida. Inform everyone about this special day!

5 Facts About The Basilica Of The National Shrine

  1. Fishermen discovered the statue

    Three fishermen set off on their regular fishing expedition on the Paraiba River in the 18th century.

  2. An ancient wooden basilica was constructed

    In the Coqueiros hills, a little church was erected for the monument in 1735, which quickly attracted notice, and pilgrims rushed to the chapel.

  3. A fisherman originally sheltered the statue

    The statue presently seen in the shrine of Our Lady of Aparecida was originally stored in Felipe Pedroso's residence.

  4. Largest shrine in Latin America

    The Basilica of Our Lady of Aparecida is one of Latin America's biggest structures and is ranked second only to St. Peter's Basilica in the Vatican.

  5. An effort was made to steal it

    An intruder attempted to take the statue of Our Lady of Aparecida.

Why We Love Lady of Aparecida

  1. It's a significant day in Brazilian history

    Lady of Aparecida Day is a significant date in Brazilian history. It is especially noteworthy for African Brazilians, who were most taken by the statue's black appearance.

  2. A day to enjoy yourself

    Feasts and wishes are held in honor of the Lady of Aparecida. This makes it an excellent day for gathering and praying.

  3. Brazilian culture is honored

    This is also an excellent day to honor Brazilian culture. Discover more about their beliefs, food, and other topics.

Lady of Aparecida dates

YearDateDay
2023October 12Thursday
2024October 12Saturday
2025October 12Sunday
2026October 12Monday
2027October 12Tuesday

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