Liberty Day is a holiday celebrated every year in Portugal on April 25. It commemorates the day the Carnation Revolution or the April 25 Revolution ended the country’s dictatorship and paved the way to democracy. The coup that was led by the country’s military took place in Lisbon in 1974. The day has been celebrated ever since as a way to appreciate freedom. It is a national holiday where schools, businesses, and government offices are closed for observance. During the holiday, there are many activities such as parades and firework shows that people can enjoy.
History of Liberty Day (Portugal)
Liberty Day or Freedom Day known as “Dia da Liberdade” in Portuguese is a very important holiday in Portugal. It takes place on April 25 every year. The holiday marks the day in 1974 when the Carnation Revolution took place. The government of Estado Novo had governed Portugal since 1933 under the rule of a dictator called António de Oliveira Salazar. He took over after the 1926 Revolution which was a nationalist coup and this was what ended the Portuguese First Republic.
The dictatorship put petty and major oppressions on the Portuguese people. They were not allowed to drink Coca-Cola or gather on the street in groups of three or more people. People were at risk of arrest, torture, and becoming prisoners in Aljube Prison in Lisbon which is now a museum. The Carnation Revolution overthrew the government of the Estado Novo and led to democracy.
The holiday serves as an opportunity to show gratitude for the freedom enjoyed in Portugal. Gaining independence to live in a democratic society is a big deal for many nations. The people celebrate the day in many different ways. There are ceremonies held all through the country. Several colorful parades take place in the towns and cities. There are also events like concerts and fireworks shows. Fireworks are used to signify freedom on independence days. This tradition is observed in countries around the world. On Liberty day, children stay home from school and take part in the festivities.
Liberty Day (Portugal) timeline
The Portuguese First Republic is put to an end by a coup d'etat.
Portugal is under the rule of the dictator known as Salazar until 1968.
The revolution that would transform the Portuguese regime from an authoritarian dictatorship to a democracy begins.
Lisbon's Aljube Prison was once a place of torture and has since become a museum.
Liberty Day (Portugal) FAQs
Does Portugal have Independence day?
Portugal Independence Day is celebrated every year on December 1.
Does it snow in Portugal?
Yes, but mainly in northern Portugal known as the Serra da Estrela range.
Is Portugal a good country to live in?
Ranking fourth on the Global Peace Index, Portugal is considered a safe place to live in.
How to Observe Liberty Day (Portugal)
Watch the parades
There are several parades held in Portugal during the holiday. You’ll have a lot of fun enjoying the colorful displays.
Learn about Portugal
Portugal is a very interesting country. You can learn more about their culture, history, and people.
Appreciate your freedom
Freedom is a privilege that not everyone gets to experience. If you live in a free nation, you should appreciate it.
5 Interesting Facts About Portugal
Named after a city
The country Portugal gets its name from the city, Porto.
It has a large population
The country has a population of about 10.29 million.
The world’s oldest bookstore
According to the Guinness World Records, Portugal is home to the oldest bookstore still in operation, Livraria Bertrand, founded in 1732.
More of Christians
About 97% of the country’s population is Roman Catholic.
There’s a maximum prison sentence
No matter the crime, the highest prison sentence in Portugal is 25 years.
Why Liberty Day (Portugal) is Important
It promotes unity
Liberty Day celebrations in Portugal bring the people together. To this day, there is only one thing on people's minds — happiness and appreciation for those who fought for the freedom they now enjoy.
It is a day to pray
On this day, the people of Portugal are encouraged to pray especially for the country. Some churches would organize prayer sessions to hold prayers for the country.
It's a day of fun
Since all business places and schools are closed on this day, it is an opportunity to unwind. The parades and fireworks that take place on this day are a sight to behold.
Liberty Day (Portugal) dates