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Commemoration of General Don Martín Miguel de Güemes – June 17, 2023

The Commemoration of General Don Martín Miguel de Güemes is celebrated annually on June 17. The day honors Martin Miguel de Güemes — a nineteenth century military leader who is an Argentine hero who led his commanders to victory in the country’s first-ever conflict with Spanish colonial powers. The commemoration is observed with a public holiday in the Republic of Argentina, and towns and cities light up to remember the ‘Hero of the Gauchos.’

History of Commemoration of General Don Martín Miguel de Güemes

Martín Miguel de Güemes was born on February 8, 1785, to a wealthy and affluent family based in Salta, Argentina. He lived a privileged life, filled with private tutors, influences of high-class Argentiatians, and devoted parents. After completing his education, Güemes joined the army and led the frontline charge to repel the British forces in Rio de la Plata.

Several changes swept the nation post the May Revolution of 1810, including the insurgency label charged at the juntas of Argentina. All of this, including his victory in the Battle of Suipacha, prompted Güemes to quit the army and start a grassroots battalion. In 1815, Güemes began training local gauchos and equipped them with guerrilla tactics. Upon his appointment as the Governor of Salta Province, Güemes exerted his influence and extracted a deal that allowed him to lead his forces and aid the armies camped in Buenos Aires.

Güemes’ final years bore plenty of unpleasantries for the General, including deposition and a coup. He died in combat at the young age of 36. Güemes is regarded as the revolution’s hero since he led the cavalry in repelling the English attack and mobilized thousands of people to support the cause of freedom. His influence on the populace is still unmatched, and in modern-day Argentina, the Los Infernales army is legendary. Because he was the only general to lose his life in battle, he is honored with a unique public holiday. The country remembers its fearless freedom fighter, whose last words were, “You are leaving behind me, who will know how to defend the homeland.”

Commemoration of General Don Martín Miguel de Güemes timeline

1785
The General is Born

Güemes is born in Salta into a wealthy Spanish family in Argentina.

1808
The Move Into Armed Struggle

Güemes joins the Spanish Army and wins the battle of Suipacha.

1815
The Building of a Guerilla Army

Güemes returns to Salta and builds a guerilla army of local gauchos.

1821
The Death of the General

Güemes is killed in a brawl with the Royalists.

Commemoration of General Don Martín Miguel de Güemes FAQs

Who started the Argentine revolution?

The three leading dictators who played an instrumental role in the Argentine Revolution are Generals Juan Carlos Onganía, Marcelo Levingston, and Alejandro Lanusse.

What are the most famous holidays in Argentina?

Truth & Justice Memorial Day and Malvinas Day are some of the most famous holidays in Argentina.

When is the best time to visit Argentina?

The spring months of October, November, and mid-December and the autumn months between April to mid-June is the best time to visit Argentina.

How to Observe Commemoration of General Don Martín Miguel de Güemes

  1. Read his biography

    Several distinguished authors have covered the remarkable life and times of Güemes. Spend the day reading through passages, anecdotes, and summaries of the books written on the life of Güemes to gauge the weight of his mighty existence.

  2. Watch the celebrations

    Argentinians mark the day by holding a feast together and participating in parades and demonstrations across the country. You can watch a live stream of the ceremony on Facebook or YouTube.

  3. Visit Argentina

    Argentina is a beautiful country and very much worth exploring. The scanty landscapes, stunning wildlife, and irresistible cultural landmarks make it a place worth visiting.

5 Interesting Facts About Argentina

  1. A liberal paradise

    Argentina is the first country in South America to legalize gay marriage.

  2. The Land of Silver

    Argentina is called the Land of Silver, and the word ‘Argentina’ comes from the Latin word ‘Argentum.’

  3. It’s home to the dinosours

    Argentina was once home to some of the biggest dinosaurs to walk the earth.

  4. The most popular drink

    Plant-based caffeinated drink Yerba Mate is the most popular drink in Argentina.

  5. The official national sport

    Contrary to popular belief, ‘El Pato’ and not football is the official national sport of Argentina.

Why Commemoration of General Don Martín Miguel de Güemes is Important

  1. It celebrates the hero

    A whole generation of Argentinians was motivated to take up weapons and resist colonial powers by General Güemes. He enlisted neighborhood gauchos and provided the regular person a chance to defend their country.

  2. It honors the freedom fighters

    The day brings to attention the nineteenth century’s struggle for independence. Argentina’s vibrant democracy is a shining hill of Central America. This day reminds us that freedom didn’t just fall into the laps of Argentinians, it was earned with blood and tears.

  3. It promotes patriotism

    On this day, people from all generations come together to honor the adored hero who gave his life in battle for his country. This day also aids in the preservation of civilizations, origins, roots, and values.

Commemoration of General Don Martín Miguel de Güemes dates

YearDateDay
2023June 17Saturday
2024June 17Monday
2025June 17Tuesday
2026June 17Wednesday
2027June 17Thursday

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